[PEM11-P11] In-situ Observations of Reconnection Separatrix Regions in the near-Earth Magnetotail
Keywords:Magnetic Reconnection, MMS satellite, Earth's Magnetotail
In this study, we utilized multi-spacecraft in-situ observations of separatrix regions at magnetic reconnection in the near-Earth magnetotail (GSM-X is between ~13 and ~25RE). We used data obtained from FPI (Fast Plasma Investigation) and FGM (Fluxgate Magnetometer) on board the MMS satellite from June 1, 2017to August 31, 2017. We examined occurrence locations, ion flow directions and velocity of ion flow in downstream regions of observed events. We also examined changes in ion and electron temperatures and the ion-to-electron temperature ratio.
We classified their events into 2 types according to plasma beta in the in-flow regions: below 0.1 or around 1. We term them “lobe reconnection” and “plasma sheet reconnection”, respectively. In the former type, plasmas in the in-flow regions are cold and tenuous. In the latter type, plasmas in the in-flow regions are hot and dense. In both types, we observed increases in ion and electron temperatures increase, but their characteristics are different. In the lobe reconnection, ion temperatures increase from several hundred eV to several keV. In the plasma sheet reconnection, ion temperatures also increase from about 1 keV to several keV. The increase rate of the electron temperature is less than one order of magnitude for both types, smaller than that of the ion temperature; the electron temperature increases up to at most 1 keV. The ion-to-electron temperature ratio in the out-flow regions in both types is about 5 for both types. We then examined changes of the ion-to-electron temperature ratio and found that the changes are consistent with the result reported by Wang et al. (2012).
In this presentation, we will show the results of separatrix crossing events (both lobe and plasma sheet reconnection events) that occur in 2017 and 2018. We will identify whether each of the separatrices is a slow shock or not and how the separatrix conditions affect ion and electron heating. These characteristics will provide insights into heating mechanisms and energy conversion through separatrix regions.
Yoshifumi Saito, Toshifumi Mukai, Toshio Terasawa, Atsuhiro Nishida, Shinobu Machida, Masafumi Hirahara, Kiyoshi Maezawa, Susumu Kokubun, and Tatsundo Yamamoto, Slow-mode shocks in the magneto, J. Geophys. Res., 100, A12, 23,567, 1995
Chih-Ping Wang, Matina Gkioulidou, Larry R. Lyons and Vassilis Angelopoulos, Spatial distributions of ion to electron temperature ratio in the magnetosheath and plasma sheet, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A08215, 2012