[PEM11-P15] Spatial characteristics of the internal modulation of pulsating aurora: multi-point high-speed optical observations in Scandinavia
Keywords:Pulsating aurora, Internal modulation
Recent studies revealed the occurrence distribution of the frequency of the internal modulation. However, there have been no studies which analyzed the spatial distribution of the internal modulation.
To reveal the spatial characteristics of the internal modulation, we need to perform a frequency analysis of the internal modulation by using data from high speed optical instruments having wide spatial coverage. For this purpose, we make use of highly sensitive EMCCD cameras which have been operated in Sodankylä and Kevo in Finland, Tromsø in Norway, and Tjautjas in Sweden. In these observations, all-sky images are taken with a sampling rate of 100 Hz, which is sufficient to identify temporal variations of the internal modulation.
In the frequency analysis, we have employed all-sky images taken on March 15, 2018 (00:00 – 01:30 UT) in Sodankylä, Kevo, Tromsø, and Tjautjas. We computed the average frequency of the internal modulation from each pixel of the EMCCD cameras and derived the spatial distribution of their dominant frequencies. Regardless of the latitude, each pulsating patch was fluctuating at a similar frequency. We also derived the frequency spectrum of several pulsating patches existing at different positions in the north-south direction and found that those frequency spectrums of pulsating patches have peaks at about 3 Hz. These results indicate that the frequency of the internal modulation does not depend on the magnetic latitude, and the frequency of the internal modulation is collimated on 3 Hz.
In the presentation, we discuss why the frequency of the internal modulation concentrate on 3 Hz by taking into account the time of flight of PsA electrons.