Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM12] Space Weather and Space Climate

Mon. May 27, 2019 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A04 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Ryuho Kataoka(National Institute of Polar Research), Antti A Pulkkinen(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center), Kanya Kusano(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Kaori Sakaguchi(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Chairperson:Antti Pulkkinen(NASA/GSFC)

2:45 PM - 3:00 PM

[PEM12-17] Reproducibility of the geomagnetically induced currents in Hokkaido with a two-layer conductivity model

*Takashi Kikuchi1,2, Yusuke Ebihara2, Kumiko K. Hashimoto3, Shinichi Watari4 (1.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, 2.Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, 3.Kibi International University, 4.National Institute of Information and Communications Technology)

Keywords:geomagnetically induced current, Hokkaido, two-layer conductivity model

Watari et al. [SW 2009], based on the GIC measurements in Hokkaido, Japan (35.7 GM Lat), found that the GIC is well correlated with the y-component magnetic field (By) (correlation coefficients > 0.8) and poor correlations with Bx,z and dBx,y,z/dt. The good correlation between the GIC and By would help predict the GIC if we have capabilities of reproducing the magnetosphere-ionosphere currents responsible for ground magnetic disturbances. To use the GIC- By relationship for the GIC prediction, we need to clarify if the good correlation is valid for any period/time scale (T) of disturbances. To address this issue, we made correlation analyses for the geomagnetic sudden commencements and pulsations (T=1-10m), substorm positive bays (30m), quasi-periodic DP2 fluctuations (20-60m), and geomagnetic storms (1-20h) as well as quiet-time diurnal variations (3-12h). We found that the correlation is good for short period (cc > 0.8 for T < 1 h), but poor for long periods (cc < 0.3 for T > 6 hours). Using the conventional induction theory based on the Faraday’s, Ampere’s and Ohm’s laws, we calculated the electric field (GIE) induced by By as a convolution of dBy/dt and step response of a uniform conductor. The GIE is found to be better correlated with the GIC for the long-period disturbances (cc > 0.9), whereas the correlation with By remains better for short period disturbances. This result requires us to use two models depending on the period of disturbances. To obtain a model applicable to any period, we made constructed a two-layer model with higher conductivity on the top. We show that the two-layer model is capable of reproducing the GIC with high correlations (cc > 0.9) for any period of disturbances ranging from 1 min to 10 hours. It should be noted; however, the capability of the model may depend on the direction of the power transmission line relative to the coast line and also depend on the structure of the Earth’s conductivity.