Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM12] Space Weather and Space Climate

Tue. May 28, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A04 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Ryuho Kataoka(National Institute of Polar Research), Antti A Pulkkinen(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center), Kanya Kusano(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Kaori Sakaguchi(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Chairperson:Kaori Sakaguchi

12:00 PM - 12:15 PM

[PEM12-36] Large scale traveling ionospheric disturbances origin and propagation

*Iurii Cherniak1,2, Irina Zakharenkova2,5, Paul Prikryl3,4, William Schreiner1 (1.COSMIC Program Office, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, 2.University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, 3.Physics Department, University of New Brunswick, 4.Geomagnetic Laboratory, Natural Resources Canada, 5.West Department of IZMIRAN)

Keywords:LSTIDs, GNSS, ionosphere, geomagnetic storm, FACs, plasma irregularities

We investigate an origin, occurrence, and propagation of large-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances (LSTIDs) with an analysis of the total electron content (TEC) perturbation component deduced from the ground-based GPS and GLONASS observations. The high spatio-temporal resolution mapping approach provides a very detailed specification of the ionospheric small- to large-scale disturbances associated with two major sources of the LSTIDs generation: the solar terminator passage during the quiet time and auroral activity caused by auroral particle precipitation and field-aligned currents (FACs) intensification during geomagnetic disturbances. For the first time, the joint analysis of the ionospheric plasma irregularities, FACs, and LSTIDs reveals that a zone with the intense FACs and ionospheric irregularities occurred at the same region that represent the most probable source of LSTIDs excitation. The COSMIC RO electron density profiles confirm the E layer plasma density enhancement within LSTIDs excitation area. Such density enhancement leads to an increase of ionospheric conductivity, intensification of currents in the ionosphere, and release of energy by Joule heating into the lower thermosphere.
This approach was demonstrated for the case of the 19-21 December 2015 geomagnetic storm, when LSTIDs propagated over the European region were detected. During the main phase of the storm, the LSTIDs propagated equatorward from European high latitudes to middle latitudes (35-40N) with the horizontal velocities of ~700-800 m/s. The LSTIDs as deduced from the TEC-disturbed component had a much larger magnitude and propagate much longer distances during the daytime (sunlit part) than in the night. We found that an equatorward expansion of the strong ionospheric irregularities zone and an increase of the FACs magnitude led to a simultaneous intensification of the LSTIDs occurrence at high latitudes. The GPS ROTI (rate of TEC index) technique, a sensitive one for detection of the rapid ionospheric gradients and irregularities, could not recognize any signatures of the TIDs structures.

The research is supported by the NSF CAS AGS-1033112, the NASA LWS grant NNX15AB83G, by the National Science Centre, Poland, through grants 2017/25/B/ST10/00479 and 2017/27/B/ST10/02190, and by RFBR Grant 19-05-00570A.