Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM13] Inner magnetosphere: Recent understanding and new insights

Wed. May 29, 2019 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A04 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Yusuke Ebihara(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Danny Summers(Memorial University of Newfoundland), Yoshizumi Miyoshi(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Shinji Saito(Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University), Chairperson:Shinji Saito(ISEE, Nagoya University), Yusuke Ebihara(RISH, Kyoto University)

9:30 AM - 9:45 AM

[PEM13-13] Rapid Precipitation by EMIC Rising-tone Emissions of Relativistic Electrons Observed by the Van Allen Probes Mission

*Satoko Nakamura1, Yoshiharu Omura1, Craig Kletzing2, Daniel Baker3 (1.Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University., 2.Department of Physics and Astronomy University of Iowa , 3.The Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP) at the University of Colorado)

On 23 February 2014, Van Allen Probes sensors observed quite strong electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves (EMIC) in the outer dayside magnetosphere. The maximum amplitude was more than 14 nT, comparable to 7 % of the magnitude of the ambient magnetic field. The EMIC waves consisted of a series of coherent rising tone emissions. Rising tones are excited sporadically by energetic protons. At the same time, the probes detected drastic fluctuations in fluxes of MeV electrons. It was found that the electron fluxes decreased by more than 30 % during the one minute following the observation of each EMIC rising tone emissions. Furthermore, it is concluded that the flux reduction is a non-adiabatic (irreversible) process since holes in the particle flux levels appear as drift echoes with energy dispersion. We examine the process of the electron pitch angle scattering by nonlinear wave trapping due to anomalous cyclotron resonance with EMIC rising tone emissions. The energy range of precipitated electrons corresponds to the presumed energy for the threshold amplitude for nonlinear wave trapping. This is the first report of rapid precipitation by this mechanism of relativistic electrons by EMIC rising tone emissions and their drift echoes in time observed by spacecraft.