Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM13] Inner magnetosphere: Recent understanding and new insights

Wed. May 29, 2019 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A04 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Yusuke Ebihara(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Danny Summers(Memorial University of Newfoundland), Yoshizumi Miyoshi(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Shinji Saito(Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University), Chairperson:Yoshizumi Miyoshi(ISEE, Nagoya University), Yusuke Ebihara(RISH, Kyoto University)

2:05 PM - 2:25 PM

[PEM13-23] Subauroral Polarization Streams: Indication of Magnetosphere–Ionosphere Coupling

★Invited Papers

*Fei He1,2,3, Xiao-Xin Zhang4, Wenbin Wang5, Zhonghua Yao1,2,3, Yong Wei1,2,3, Zhi-Peng Ren1,2,3, Xinan Yue1,2,3, Weixing Wan1,2,3 (1.Institute of Geology & Geophysics, CAS, 2.Institutions of Earth Science, CAS, 3.College of Earth and Planetary Sciences, UCAS, 4.National Center for Space Weather, CMA, 5.High Altitude Observatory, NCAR)

Keywords:SAPS, Large-scale structure, Oscillations, plasma sheet, storm

Subauroral polarization streams, or SAPS, are narrow channels of strong westward ion flows in both the subauroral ionosphere and the conjugated inner magnetosphere in the nightside during geomagnetic storms and substorms. The SAPS are closely related with ionospheric conductivity and region–2 field–aligned currents. Many characteristics of SAPS have been determined from space–based measurements of electric fields and ion drifts in the ionosphere and the magnetosphere, and ground–based radar observations, such as the global occurrence based on the statistics of many individual event, long term variabilities, hemispheric asymmetries, electromagnetic wave structures, double peak signatures, and evolution patterns during intense storms and quiet time substorms. Multisatellite observations during a geomagnetic storm indicated that the SAPS were first initiated around the dusk sector and then expanded toward the midnight, moved to low latitudes and formed a wedge-shaped structure during the main phase. More recently, multisatellite observations during a severe storm revealed that strong oscillations occurred in the SAPS channel when IMF By changed from positive to negative. The SAPS oscillations were first observed in the pre–midnight sector and propagated towards the dusk sector. The oscillations may be related to the waves generated by the interaction between the fast–flowing energetic plasma sheet ions and the cold plasmasphere. The new features of SAPS provide new insights in to the coupling dynamics in the magnetosphere.