Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM13] Inner magnetosphere: Recent understanding and new insights

Wed. May 29, 2019 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A04 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Yusuke Ebihara(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Danny Summers(Memorial University of Newfoundland), Yoshizumi Miyoshi(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Shinji Saito(Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University), Chairperson:Yoshizumi Miyoshi(ISEE, Nagoya University), Yusuke Ebihara(RISH, Kyoto University)

2:25 PM - 2:40 PM

[PEM13-24] Simultaneous Arase-ground observations of a purple and green auroral arc

*Kazuo Shiokawa1, Masahito Nose1, Satoshi Tsuchiya1, Yuki Takagi1, Shun Imajo1, Yoshimasa Tanaka2, Yoshizumi Miyoshi1, Keisuke Hosokawa3, Yoichi Kazama4, Shiang-Yu Wang4, Sunny W.Y. Tam4, Kazushi Asamura5, Satoshi Kasahara6, Shoichiro Yokota7, Tomoaki Hori1, Kunihiro Keika6, Ayako Matsuoka5 (1.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, 2.National Institute of Polar Research, 3.The University of Electro-Communications, 4.National Cheng Kung University, 5.Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 6.University of Tokyo, 7.Osaka University)

Keywords:purple auroral arc, simultaneous satellite-ground observation, field-aligned electron precipitation

The purple auroral emission at a wavelength of 427.8nm is often caused by resonant scattering of sunlight by nitrogen molecular ions at the high-latitude part of auroral arcs, and can be a manifestation of ion upflow in the auroral ionosphere. We report the first particle observation for the source region of a purple/green auroral arc in the inner magnetosphere, which was made by the Arase satellite. The auroral arc appeared and expanded equatorward from ~0310 UT (midnight in local time) on September 11, 2018 at Nain, Canada, in association with the expansion phase of a substorm that occurred during the arrival of a corotating interaction region (CIR) in the solar wind. The auroral arc is characterized by purple and green emissions at the top and bottom parts, respectively, suggesting resonant-scattering of sunlight by auroral nitrogen molecular ions. Bi-directional field-aligned electrons with energies of ~keV were observed by the LEP-e onboard the Arase satellite during the arc crossing at L ~ 6.4, while source electrons become isotropic in the diffuse aurora afterwards. Electrons at energies of ~20 keV measured by the MEP-e of Arase also show a bi-directional (nearly) field-aligned distribution, while electron loss cone was identified at the arc crossing. The low-energy protons measured by LEP-i of Arase show time-pitch-angle dispersion from anti-earthward (180 degree) to earthward (0 degree) during the arc crossing. Based on these observations, we discuss physical mechanisms that cause these particle features and the observed purple/green auroral arc.