Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM16] Physics and Chemistry in the Atmosphere and Ionosphere

Thu. May 30, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yuichi Otsuka(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Takuya Tsugawa(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Seiji Kawamura(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology)

[PEM16-P07] Neutral and plasma density perturbations in the top-/bottom-side ionosphere associated with MSTIDs

*Shin Suzuki1, Jaeheung Park2, Yuichi Otsuka3, Kazuo Shiokawa3, Huixin Liu4, Hermann Luehr5 (1.Faculty of Regional Policy, Aichi University, 2.Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, 3.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, 4.Earth and Planetary Science Division, Kyushu University SERC, Kyushu University, 5.Helmholtz Centre Potsdam, GFZ, German Research Centre for Geosciences)


Medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances (MSTIDs) are a well-known wavy structure in the F-region ionosphere. They typically have a horizontal wavelength of several hundred kilometers and a periodicity of about one hour. Although, the MSTIDs were considered to be caused by atmospheric gravity waves, recent studies have suggested that the generation of the MSTID in nighttime is highly associated with coupling processes between the E- and F-region electrodynamics. To confirm the different processes in the MSTID generation in daytime and nighttime, CHAMP satellite measurements would be greatly helpful; CHAMP plasma and neutral density data obtained in the day- and night-side sector can monitor the phase relations between the neutral (i.e., atmospheric gravity wave) and ionospheric plasma perturbations simultaneously at the top-side F-region (approximately 400 km).

As the first step in the abovementioned research, we compared the MSTID signatures between the CHAMP and ground-based 630-nm airglow measurements to validate the MSTID detection by CHAMP. Airglow imaging is a quite useful technique to investigate two-dimensional characteristics of the nighttime MSTIDs. Horizontal parameters of the MSTIDs (such as wavelengths, motions, and their spatial extent) can be estimated directly with a high spatial and temporal resolutions through the 630-nm airglow emission in the bottom-side F-region. Previous study by Park et al. [2009, JGR] made an investigation of spatial signatures regarding one MSTID event using airglow images along the CHAMP orbit. The Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, has operated airglow imaging network, as the OMTI system, around the world since 2000; this network gives much more chance to make coordinated measurements with CHAMP. We found three clear MSTID events (March 15, 2004, February 15, 2007, and January 12, 2007) in which CHAMP passed over the field-of-views of the OMTI camera.

In this presentation, we will report phase relations between the neutral and plasma density perturbations associated with the MSTID events.