[PEM16-P16] Statistical analysis of the horizontal phase velocity distribution of mesospheric and ionospheric waves observed in airglow images in Hawaii
Keywords:Atmospheric gravity waves, Medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances, Hawaii
The three-year average of the phase velocity spectra of AGWs observed in airglow images at wavelength of 557.7 nm show less propagation in due eastward and due westward in summer. The dominant propagation direction was southward in winter. The power spectral density was strongest in spring and summer, and weakest in winter. In Shigaraki and Rikubetsu, the direction of propagation changes from east in summer to west in winter, while in Haleakala there was no such seasonal change in the propagation in summer and winter. This is probably because Haleakala is located at latitudes away from the peak of the mesospheric jet, so the wind filtering effect by the mesosphere jet is smaller than that at Rikubetsu and Shigaraki.
The MSTIDs observed in airglow images at wavelength of 630.0 nm showed strong spectra in four particular nights, and we found that the average spectra largely affected by these strong spectra. Thus we removed these strong nights and calculated the three-year average horizontal phase velocity spectra for four seasons. From the average spectra, MSTIDs propagate from northwestward to southward in summer and from northward to southeastward in fall. In winter, the power spectral density was strongest, and the MSTIDs propagate mainly in the east-west direction. Spring power spectrum density was weakest. We note that dominant propagation direction of MSTIDs at Shigaraki and Rikubetsu was southwestward regardless of the season, which is very different from Haleakala. The power spectral density was weaker at Haleakala than those at Shigaraki and Rikubetsu. These results may be because polarization electric fields associated with MSTIDs tends to be attenuated by the equatorial ionization anomaly crest, which exists at low latitudes before midnight and by the MBW (Midnight Brightness Wave) moving poleward from low latitudes associated with the MPB (midnight pressure bulge) even after midnight, as suggested by Narayanan et al. [JGR, 2014].