3:45 PM - 4:00 PM
[PPS01-02] Volcanic change of the distribution of Io’s neutral oxygen cloud observed by Hisaki
Keywords:Jupiter moon Io, Neutral oxygen, Ultraviolet observation
The radial distribution shows the oxygen cloud spread outward during the volcanically active period. The outer edge of the OI emission was 7 RJ (Jupiter radii) before the volcanic activity, but it spread to around 8-8.6 RJ during the volcanically active period. We also estimated the oxygen number density outward Io's orbit represented as n(r)=n0(r/r0)γ, where r is radial distnace from Jupiter, r0 is 5.9 RJ (orbit of Io), n0 is a number density at 5.9 RJ, γ is a power law slope of the profile. The number density at Io’s orbit (where north-south thickness is 1.2 RJ) increased to 88±9 cm-3 during the active period that is more than twice as large as the number density during the quiet period (40 cm-3). The power law slope outward Io’s orbit during the active period (γ=-5.5±1.3) is similar to that during the quiet period (γ=-5.3). The azimuthal distribution shows the neutral oxygen cloud during the active period also consists of the banana cloud and diffuse region distributed along Io’s orbit, but both of the regions enlarge. The observation results show the main escape process of neutrals from Io’s graivity remains atmospheric sputtering, but the escape rate of them significantly increased during a volcanically active period. One of the possible mechanisms to increase the escape rate is that the sublimation frost area increases and the density of sublimation driven atmosphere also increases. Another mechanism is that plumes increase the height of the exobase, and the area of atmospheric sputtering increases.