Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS01] Outer Solar System Exploration Today, and Tomorrow

Tue. May 28, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A03 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Jun Kimura(Osaka University), Yasumasa Kasaba(Planetary Plasma and Atmospheric Research Center, Tohoku University), Kunio M. Sayanagi(Hampton University), Chairperson:Jun Kimura(Osaka University), 鎌田 俊一(北海道大学創成研究機構)

11:36 AM - 11:51 AM

[PPS01-14] Callisto as a keystone to reproduce the formation process of the Jovian system

*Yasuhito Sekine1, Shunichi Kamata2, Yuhiko Aoyama3, Masahiro Ikoma3, Takayuki Tanigawa4 (1.Earth-Life Science Insitute, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2.Creative Res. Institution, Hokkaido Univerisity, 3.Dept of Earth and Planetary Sci., University of Tokyo, 4.Nat'l Inst. Tech., Ichinoseki Col.)

Keywords:icy satellite, Solar System exploration, planetary formation

Callisto is the outermost Galilean satellite, with 2410 km of radius and 1.83 g/cc of density. The size and mass are comparable to those of another Jovian moon, Ganymede and the largest moon of Saturn, Titan. Unlike Ganymede and Titan, however, heavily-cratered Callisto may have experienced only limited geological activities since its formation. Owing to the low geological activities, Callisto may serve as a “fossil” of the Jovian system formation in the early Solar System. Volatile and isotope compositions of ice materials on Callisto would reflect ice compositions of the building materials of the Jovian satellites, which is critical to constrain the disk temperature of the formation region of proto-Jupiter as well as both shock heating and size of infalling materials onto proto-Jupiter. The interior structure, namely degree of differentiation, of Callisto is essential to constrain the inflow rate of the building materials from the protoplanetary disk. In this talk, we discuss the key observations, e.g., surface materials and interior structure of Callisto, in future missions to constrain the formation process of the Jovian system.