3:30 PM - 3:45 PM
[PPS02-07] Impact Ejecta Environment of an Eccentric Asteroid: 3200 Phaethon
Keywords:Ejecta, Meteoroids, Regolith
Due to Phaethon's large eccentricity, Phaethon's peak ejecta density at 1 au is approximately 30 times higher compared to a body in a circular orbit at 1 au, largely due to enhanced ejecta production from meteoroids shed from Jupiter Family Comets. Such asymmetric ejecta production suggests Phaethon experiences significantly different meteoroid-specific space weathering processes than a body with a similar semi-major axis on a circular orbit. We estimate impact ejecta processes at Phaethon shed approximately 1 ton per year, which is not sufficient to appreciably contribute to the Geminids meteoroid complex, yet provides ample ejecta densities to measure with an in-situ dust detector aboard DESTINY+. These results suggest eccentric asteroids shed more material than those on near-circular orbits, and are suitable candidates for in-situ dust detection and chemical characterization due to their amplified asymmetric ejecta production.
In this presentation, we will summarize recent efforts to constrain the evolution and ejection of asteroid regolith for 3200 Phaethon. We will present predicted impact counts for a dust detector on close flybys of Phaethon in preparation for JAXA’s DESTINY+ mission and discuss how such measurements would provide critical insight into Phaethon’s origin and evolution in a manner unique to dust detection data.