4:45 PM - 5:00 PM
[PPS02-12] Resurfacing processes on small asteroids constrained by crater size distributions on Ryugu, Itokawa, and Eros
Keywords:asteroid, crater, resurfacing, Ryugu, Itokawa, Hayabusa2
Crater retention age can be estimated by using both the crater size frequency distribution (CSFD) and the crater production function (CPF). The CSFD on Ryugu shows that the large craters distribution (≧100m in diameter) is close to saturation level, but the number density of small craters (~10 m) is reduced by a factor of 100 . Similar depletion in small craters is also observed on Itokawa . We calculated crater retention ages for different size craters and derived the relation between crater retention ages and excavation depth of craters.
The CPFs on Ryugu, Itokawa, and Eros are estimated based on a classical main belt collisional evolution model and a scaling relation for crater formation. We used a scaling relation including armoring effect  for Ryugu and Itokawa to account for the high abundance of boulders on them. In this analysis, we used larger craters than ~10m in diameter. Finally, we derived the relation between crater retention age, t, and depth, d, of crater, t ~ da, where a is found to be 1.8±0.4 on Ryugu, 1.1±0.3 on Itokawa, and 1.9±0.3 on Eros, respectively. If crater degradation is controlled by a diffusion process, the relation between crater retention age t is proportional to the square of crater depth d, i.e.,t ~ d2. Ryugu's and Eros's power-law indices (a ~1.8-1.9) are consistent with diffusion (a = 2), which is not the case of Itokawa's power-law index. However, Itokawa's power-law index a increase to 1.9 if we include smaller craters than ~10m in diameter in this analysis. This value is consistent with diffusion (a = 2). Actually, Michel et al. 2009 suggests that the depletion of small craters on Itokawa is reproduced by a seismic shaking model without taking an armoring effect into account . The efficiency of an armoring effect for small craters on asteroids is uncertain, but an armoring effect may change the interpretation of CSFDs. In order to understand crater scaling for smaller craters, Small Carry-on Impactor (SCI) experiment on Hayabusa2 is important.
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