Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS03] Solar System Small Bodies: A New Frontier Arising Hayabusa 2, OSIRIS-REx and Other Projects

Wed. May 29, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Masateru Ishiguro(Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University), Taishi Nakamoto(Tokyo Institute of Technology), Masanao Abe(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Olivier S Barnouin(Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory)

[PPS03-P04] Polarimetric Study of Asteroids in Comet-Like Orbits (ACOs)

*Jooyeon Geem1, Masateru Ishiguro1, Yoonsoo P. Bach1, Daisuke Kuroda2, Hiroyuki Naito3, Hidekazu Hanayama4, yoonyoung kim10, Yuna G. Kwon1, Sunho Jin1, Tomohiko Sekiguchi5, Ryo Okazaki5, Jeremie J. Vaubaillon6, Masataka Imai7, Tatsuharu Oono8, Yuki Futamuts8, Seiko Takagi8, Mitsuteru Sato8, Kiyoshi Kuramoto8, Makoto Watanabe9 (1.Astronomy program, Dept of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, 2.Okayama Observatory, Kyoto University, 3.Nayoro Observatory, 4.Ishigakijima Astronomical Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 5.Hokkaido University of Education, 6.Observatoire de Paris, I.M.C.C.E., 7.National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 8.Department of Cosmosciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, 9.Department of Applied Physics, Okayama University of Science, 10.Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research)

Keywords:Polarimetry, Asteroid

It is important to determine the taxonomic types of small bodies in the solar system and further to study the spatial distribution of the planetary system. Among the small bodies, it is considered that there should be dormant comets that have lost a significant fraction of volatile materials in their subsurface layers. As a result, they are unable to produce any detectable coma and recognized as asteroids. It has been challenging to find out such dormant comet population from a list of known asteroids because of the asteroidal appearances. There are several attempts to find the dormant comet nuclei from asteroidal catalogs, for example, by using their reflectance spectra or orbital elements. However, little has been studied via polarimetry.
We conduct a polarimetric study of three candidates of dormant comet nuclei, (331471) 1984 QY1, (3552) Don Quixote and (944) Hidalgo, by using the 1.6-m Pirka Telescope at the Nayoro observatory (operated by Hokkaido University, Japan). We chose these asteroids in comet-like orbits (ACOs) based on the orbital elements (i.e., the Tisserand parameter with respect to Jupiter TJ < 3). We found that 1984 QY1 has a polarimetric albedo (geometric albedo determined via polarimetry) pV = 0.16±0.06 while both Don Quixote and Hidalgo have Rc-band polarimetric albedo pR < 0.05. Based on the polarimetric result together with a dynamical analysis, we conjectured that 1984 QY1 could be an S-type asteroid transported into the current orbit via 3:1 mean motion resonance with Jupiter. From the previous spectroscopic study, Don Quixote and Hidalgo are classified into D-type taxonomic group, which are typical of comet nuclei. In this presentation, we will introduce our polarimetric observations of ACOs and emphasize that polarimetry is a powerful tool for discriminating the asteroidal and cometary origins.