Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS03] Solar System Small Bodies: A New Frontier Arising Hayabusa 2, OSIRIS-REx and Other Projects

Wed. May 29, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Masateru Ishiguro(Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University), Taishi Nakamoto(Tokyo Institute of Technology), Masanao Abe(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Olivier S Barnouin(Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory)

[PPS03-P15] Radar and optical simultaneous observations of faint meteors with MU radar and Tomo-e Gozen

*Ryou Ohsawa1, Akira Hirota2, Shinsuke Abe2, Daniel Kastinen3, Kero Johan3, yasunori Fujiwara4, Takuji Nakamura5, Shigeyuki Sako1, Yuto Kojima1, Jun-ichi Watanabe6 (1.Institute of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 2.Department of Aerospace Engineering, College of Science & Technology, Nihon University, 3.Swedish Institute of Space Physics, 4.SOKENDAI (The Graduate University for Advanced Studies), 5.National Institute of Polar Research, 6.National Astronomical Observatory of Japan)

Keywords:meteor, interplanetary dust

The Earth is surrounded by small dust grains produced by comets and asteroids. Tons of such grains plunge into the Earth's atmosphere hourly. Part of their kinetic energy excites and ionizes the surrounding atmosphere, which is observed as a meteor phenomenon. A simultaneous radar and optical observation is promising to constrain the motion and mass of a meteor at a time. We launched a project to observe faint meteors with Middle and Upper Atmosphere Radar (MU radar) and a wide-field CMOS mosaic camera Tomo-e Gozen installed on the 105 cm Kiso Schmidt telescope. The observations were carried out in 18--21, April, 2018. From tons of the detected meteors, the simultaneous detections were extracted in terms of the times, loci, and directions of the meteors. Finally, we identified the 894 meteor events simultaneously detected in the both sites. The optical brightness of the simultaneous meteors ranged from about 3--11 mag. in the V-band, which is about 5 magnitude fainter than in previous studies. We confirmed a clear correlation between the meteor brightnesses and the radar cross sections.