Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS04] Mars and Mars system: results from a broad spectrum of Mars studies and aspects for future missions

Sun. May 26, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A02 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Hideaki Miyamoto(University of Tokyo), Tomohiro Usui(Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Ayako Matsuoka(Research Division for Space Plasma, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Sushil K Atreya(University of Michigan Ann Arbor), Chairperson:Hideaki Miyamoto, Tomohiro Usui

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

[PPS04-11] Hydration state of the Martian lithosphere constrained from gravity and topography

*James Daniel Paul Moore1, Jon Wade2, Anthony B Watts2, Richard M Palin3, Lars M Hansen2, Brendan Dyck4, Jun Muto6, Andrew J Smye5, Adam D Switzer1 (1.Earth Observatory of Singapore, 2.University of Oxford, 3.Colorado School of Mines, 4.Simon Fraser University, 5.Penn State, 6.Tohoku University)

Keywords:Mars, Flexure, Gravity

Widespread aqueous alteration of the Martian crust suggests that metamorphic hydration reactions may have played a critical role in the sequestration of water early during the planet’s history. The presence of hydrous phases in the Martian crust reduce its bending strength, and we show that observations of the Martian gravity anomaly may be used to constrain the fate of Martian surface water.

Using the gravity anomalies associated with notable topographic features, such Olympus Mons, as well as the global gravity and topography, we construct yield strength envelopes for hydrous and anhydrous end-member crustal sections, and derive the predicted elastic thicknesses, Te, a proxy for the long-term lithospheric strength of Mars. We also use spherical harmonic coefficients that describe the Martian gravity anomaly and topography fields to quantify the role of isostasy in contributing to crustal and upper mantle structure. Power spectra of these fields reveal that the gravity effect of topography and its flexural compensation contributes significantly to the observed free-air gravity anomaly spectra for spherical harmonic degree 8 < n < 50, corresponding to wavelength 300 < \lambda < 3000 km. The best-fit global average is for an elastic plate (flexure) model with Te of ~126 km. All isostatic models under-predict the spectra at 2 < n < 5, and we interpret the low-order Martian gravity field, at least in part, to be the result of processes that formed the Northern Basin. By comparing the observed Martian Te to that predicted for our metamorphic mineral assemblages, we iterate on the water content until convergence. In short, we show the bending strength of Mars places constraints on the amount of hydration of the Martian crust, which in turn we use to calculate the planetary water budget. Notably, the stiffer flexural response of Olympus Mons is consistent with its younger age and eruption predominantly into a dry environment.