Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS05] Recent advances of Venus science

Mon. May 27, 2019 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A03 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Takehiko Satoh(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Takeshi Horinouchi(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Masaru Yamamoto(Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University), Kevin McGouldrick(University of Colorado Boulder), Chairperson:Takeshi Horinouchi

10:00 AM - 10:15 AM

[PPS05-05] Thermal-tides structure at the cloud level of Venus derived from Akatsuki/LIR observations

★Invited Papers

*Toru Kouyama1, Makoto Taguchi2, Tetsuya Fukuhara2, Takeshi Imamura3, Masahiko Futaguchi4, Takeru Yamada2, Masahiro Akiba2, Yeon Joo lee, Takao M. Sato7, Shin-ya Murakami5, George HASHIMOTO6, Takehiko Satoh5, Masato Nakamura5 (1.AIST, 2.Rikkyo Univ., 3.Tokyo Univ., 4.Toho Univ., 5.JAXA, 6.Okayama Univ., 7.Hokkaido Information Univ.)

Keywords:Venus, Thermal tides, LIR

Atmospheric acceleration due to thermal-tides excited in the cloud layer has been considered as one of main contributors for maintaining the atmospheric super-rotation in Venus, where zonal wind speed of the atmosphere at the cloud top (~70 km) rotates more than 60 times faster than the rotation speed of the solid body of Venus. The structures of the thermal-tides have been confirmed firstly in a temperature field and in zonal and meridional wind fields at the cloud top level by tracking cloud motions in several Venus exploration missions. In numerical studies, it has been confirmed that the thermal-tides structure is composed of diurnal, semi-diurnal, and higher frequent components which enhance at different altitudes and latitudes. Since they may contribute atmospheric acceleration according to their enhancement, observational monitoring should be important to understand what components of thermal-tides are dominant in different latitudes. On the other hand, there have been less observational studies about the latitudinal structures of thermal-tides in temperature fields due to time limitation for ground-based observations and limitation of spatial coverage for previous satellite observations.

In this study, we investigated latitudinal profiles of diurnal, semi-diurnal, and higher frequent components of thermal-tides in the temperature field obtained from long-term observation data by Longwave Infrared Camera (LIR) onboard Akatsuski that catches thermal emission from Venusian cloud layer (60-70km). We used the LIR data from October 2016 to December 2018 in which LIR had been remained to be turned on to prevent unexpected temperature increasing in LIR images, and we selected a specified emission angle (60°) in the analysis to minimize emission angle dependence of a limb darkening effect.

Thanks to the global coverage of LIR observation in both dayside and night side, a global thermal-tides structure (local time-latitude coordinate) was firstly obtained by averaging the long-term LIR observation. By applying Fourier analysis to the thermal-tides structure, we found that the semi-diurnal component was clearly dominant in lower latitudes (< 30°) whereas the diurnal component became significant in higher latitudes (> 45°), and both diurnal and semi-diurnal tides showed almost equatorial symmetric profiles. These characteristics were consistent with a numerical expectation in a global circulation model by Takagi et al. (2018). In addition, the diurnal component showed clear phase tilting in mid-latitudes, which may indicate latitudinal energy transportation due to the diurnal component, while the semi-diurnal and other components with higher wavenumbers did not show such clear phase tilting in low-mid latitudes.

In this presentation, we will provide the structures of each thermal tide components, and latitudinal profiles of their amplitudes and phases, and we will also discuss thermal-tides structures at different periods for more detail discussion about variability of the tides.