Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS07] Formation and evolution of planetary materials in the Solar System

Sun. May 26, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM A02 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Yoko Kebukawa(Faculty of Engineering, Yokohama National University), Wataru Fujiya(Ibaraki University, College of Science), Shin Ozawa(Department of Earth Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Megumi Matsumoto(Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Chairperson:Megumi Matsumoto, Wataru Fujiya

3:30 PM - 3:45 PM

[PPS07-01] Investigation of sugars in meteorites

★Invited Papers

*Yoshihiro Furukawa1, Yoshito Chikaraishi2, Naohiko Ohkouchi3, Nanako O. Ogawa3, Tomoki Nakamura1 (1.Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 2.Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, 3.JAMSTEC)

Keywords:ribose, sugar, meteorites

Sugars are essential components of DNA and RNA and also are essential substrates of glycolysis. Ribose is especially an important sugar as the sole component in RNA that supports both genotype and phenotype of primordial life. Investigations of sugars in meteorites have been conducted since more than 50 years ago. However, no extraterrestrial sugar that composes life has been found from any astronomical samples including meteorites, although several sugar-related compounds have been detected from meteorites. This would be preliminary because of the low concentration, difficulty in extraction, and the absence of suitable derivatization for gas chromatographic separation. Therefore, we developed a protocol to extract and analyze sugars in meteorites. We have also investigated the compound-specific carbon isotope ratios (δ13C values) of sugars. All meteorites have some possibilities of biological contamination, since they have been collected on the terrestrial environment filled with biota. Thus, the evaluation of the source of sugars in meteorites (i.e., biological or extraterrestrial) is significantly important. Biological sugars are all have negative δ13C values (against VPDB). Conversely, soluble organic compounds in meteorites like amino acids, nucleobases, amines, and sugar-related compounds all have positive carbon δ13C values. Thus, the isotope ratios are an essential indicator for the evaluation of the origin of sugars in meteorites. In this presentation, we show the results of identification and carbon isotope ratio analysis of sugars for two CR2 chondrites. We also report the mineral composition, and chemical state of C in insoluble organic matter in these meteorites.