Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS07] Formation and evolution of planetary materials in the Solar System

Mon. May 27, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A02 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Yoko Kebukawa(Faculty of Engineering, Yokohama National University), Wataru Fujiya(Ibaraki University, College of Science), Shin Ozawa(Department of Earth Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Megumi Matsumoto(Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Chairperson:Yoko Kebukawa, Shin Ozawa

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

[PPS07-15] Characteristics of Oxygen isotope ratios of chondrules and isolated olivine grains from Tagish Lake C2 chondrite

*Takayuki Ushikubo1, Makoto Kimura2 (1.Kochi Institute for Core Sample Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2.National Institute for Polar Research)

Keywords:Tagish Lake meteorite, Chondrule, Oxygen isotope, SIMS

Recent studies on oxygen isotope systematics of chondrules show that chondrules in individual chondrite groups have characteristic distributions in their oxygen isotope ratios and Mg# (molar % of MgO/(MgO+FeO)) [1, 2]. The correlations between Mg# and D17O values (= d17OVSMOW - 0.52 × d18OVSMOW) of chondrules can be explained by mixing of 16O-rich anhydrous dusts and an 16O-poor oxidizing agent (most likely H2O ice) in chondrule forming regions [3]. Based on similar Mg# - D17O correlations between CR chondrite chondrules and cometary silicate particles from comet Wild 2, it has been proposed that many of cometary silicate particles formed in the outer regions of the asteroid belt [e.g. 4, 5]. The Tagish Lake meteorite (ungrouped C2) is an appropriate sample to investigate the Mg# - D17O systematics of silicate particles formed in the outer regions of the asteroid belt because the Tagish Lake meteorite probably derived from a D-type asteroid [6]. Previous oxygen isotope studies on olivine grains from Tagish Lake and Tagish Lake-like meteorites [e.g. 7] show that their Mg# - D17O systematics are similar to that of CR chondrite chondrules. Here, we report new oxygen isotope data of olivine grains from the Tagish Lake meteorite for better understandings of the Mg# - D17O systematics of silicate particles in the outer regions of the asteroid belt.
Two polished epoxy mounts of the Tagish Lake meteorite, TL-KC-1 (8mm × 5mm) and TL-KC-2 (4mm × 3mm), were prepared for this study. Due to extensive aqueous alteration in the Tagish Lake parent body, phyllosilicates and other secondary phases such as magnetite and carbonates replace primary anhydrous phases. However, remaining olivine grains in chondrules and matrix tend to have sharp grain boundaries and no apparent evidence for the Mg-Fe exchange between olivine grains and matrix was observed. No alteration features were observed in these grains. Forty chondrules and isolated olivine grains (hereafter “ferromagnesian inclusions”) were selected for oxygen isotope measurements (34 type I [Mg#>= 90] and 6 type II [Mg#<90]). Oxygen isotope ratios of olivine grains were measured with an ion microprobe, CAMECA IMS 1280-HR at Kochi Institute. A 20 kV accelerated Cs+ primary beam (~30 pA, ~3 um in diameter) was used. The analytical conditions were similar to those in [1].
Oxygen three-isotope ratios of ferromagnesian inclusions from Tagish Lake are distributed along the PCM (primitive chondrule minerals) line [1]. Most type I ferromagnesian inclusions are relatively 16O-rich (D17O = -7.4 to -3.9‰) and type II ferromagnesian inclusions are relatively 16O-poor (D17O >= -3‰). Of six type II ferromagnesian inclusions, two inclusions have D17O ~ 0‰, which are recognized in in Tagish Lake-like meteorites, CR chondrites, and cometary silicate particles, but are almost absent in other carbonaceous chondrites [e.g., 2-5, 7]. The present results are further evidence for the link between ferromagnesian inclusions accumulated into asteroids in the outer regions of the asteroid belt (possibly D-type asteroids) and silicate particles accumulated into cometary nuclei in the Kuiper belt. As discussed in [4, 5, 8], type II silicates are common in cometary silicate particles, which is distinct from ferromagnesian inclusions in Tagish Lake(-like) meteorites and CR chondrites. Most cometary silicate particles formed in H2O ice enriched oxidizing regions. Such regions were probably farther than where typical 16O-rich type I chondrules of carbonaceous chondrites formed.

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[2] Tenner T. J. et al. (2018) Chapter 8 in Chondrules (Cambridge Univ. press)
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[5] Defouilloy C. et al. (2017) EPSL, 465, 145-154
[6] Hiroi T. (2001) Science, 293, 2234-2236
[7] Yamanobe M. et al. (2018) Polar Sci., 15, 29-38
[8] Frank D. R. et al. (2014) GCA, 142, 240-259