Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS08] Lunar science and exploration

Thu. May 30, 2019 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 103 (1F)

convener:Hiroshi Nagaoka(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Masahiro KAYAMA(Department of Earth and Planetary Material Sciences, Faculty of Science, Tohoku University), Masaki N Nishino(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science), Tomokatsu Morota(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University), Chairperson:Satoshi Tanaka, Masaki Nishino(名古屋大学宇宙地球環境研究所)

10:00 AM - 10:15 AM

[PPS08-05] Estimation of Moho depth under lunar basins by using only the GRAIL gravity data

*Gaku Nishiyama1, Noriyuki Namiki2 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, The University of Tokyo, 2.RISE Project, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan)

Keywords:moon, crust, gravity, GRAIL, Moholovicic discontinuity

In order to unravel the formation of solar-system, the subsurface structure of planets and moons will be a key to constrain early differentiation and subsequent thermal evolution. In particular, lunar crustal thickness is of importance for understanding the volume of the ancient magma ocean. Conventionally planetary crustal thickness is estimated by analyzing gravity anomaly data derived from tracking data of spacecrafts using downward continuation filter. In this method, the relief of crust-mantle interface (Moho) are calculated as a variation of surface density anomalies under the condition that a mean crustal thickness or crustal thickness at a specific location has been already known from seismic observation. In this study, however, we demonstrate that the calculation is theoretically incorrect in the point that the Moho relief is imposed on the surface density at certain depth. Downward continuation filter is mathematical trick to stabilize the previous calculation, but it indeed violating gravity theory.

In this study, we show a new method which doesn't require ad hoc assumptions of crustal thickness nor downward continuation filter, but assumes the simple shape of Moho uplift. Under the assumption that the Moho is uplifted like an axisymmetric cylinder beneath Crisium basins , the observed Bouguer gravity anomalies can be expanded in the Bessel-Fourier coefficients . Then we find the best fit parameters such as radius, height and depth of cylinder. Thus, the depth of surrounding crust is estimated to be 37.9±7.7 km. Our estimate is consistent with that of the analysis result of moonquake data measured at Apollo 12 & 14 landing sites. This result indicates that the new method can estimate crustal thicknessby gravity data alone and independently from seismic data. Here we assumed a simple morphology of mass anomalies beneath Crisium basin, however, the top surface of the cylinder as well as surrounding Moho boundary shall be laterally variable. In further research we evaluate an influence of the shape, crustal flexure, and other effects.