2:30 PM - 2:45 PM
[PPS08-16] HERACLES mission: Returning to the Moon by an ESA-JAXA-CSA Joint Study
Keywords:HERACLES, Lunar Exploration, Sample Return mission
The coordination of the planning of science opportunities is performed by the multi-agency HERACLES Science Working Group (SWG). The SWG is also responsible for developing a mission science management plan to describe science themes and science payload instruments selection processes, and data/sample allocation policies. The SWG engaged the science communities of each country and organized the HERACLES international Science Definition Team (iSDT). The iSDT will generate a prioritized list of investigations and will provide input for the landing site selection.
Recently, the iSDT discussed the science scope of the HERACLES mission. The iSDT agreed that the following five non-prioritized topics are the most important lunar science themes that should be addressed by HERACLES; (1) crustal anorthosite composition and crystallization age, (2) mantle composition, (3) improvement of chronology with crater counting of young basalts (<2.5 Ga), (4) internal structure: surface, subsurface, crust, mantle and core, (5) mechanism of material transport (e.g., water) to the Moon. Furthermore, the iSDT has identified several potential landing areas to accomplish these science themes: Jackson crater, Moscoviense basin, Copernicus crater, Schrödinger basin and some young basalts in the Flamsteed region [2, 3].
By the way, the International Space Exploration Program Committee of the Advisory Committee for Space Science and Engineering organized the HERACLES Task Force and independently of SWG, is compiling to recommendations on science and engineering of HERACLES mission. These reports will be submitted at the end of February 2019. These recommentdations will also be taken deeply as opinions of the Japanese scientific community and SWG will discuss how to reflect it in the SWG discussion in the future. In this presentation, we are going to report outcom of previous activities related to the HERACLES SWG and planned discussion within Japanese lunar science community of study in this SWG.
 Landgraf et al. (2018) LPSC 50th, abstract 1030;  Hiesinger et al. (2018) LPSC 50th, abstract 1327;  Karouji et al. (2018) LPSC 50th, abstract 1736.