[PPS08-P02] Detecting mare basalts intruded into the crust on the early Moon
Keywords:the Moon, Crisium basin, Mare basalt
In order to verify the existence of pre-basin basalts and estimate its total volume we investigated the inner ring of the Crisium basin, which consists of deposits of crustal materials ejected by the Crisium-forming impact. In this study, we used topographic data and multiband images obtained by Terrain Camera and Multiband Imager onboard Kaguya. The inner-ring area was defined as area with an altitude higher than -1.3 km. Mare basalts in the inner-ring area were identified based on the optical matuality, the FeO content, and the spectral absorption depths at 950nm, 1050 nm and 1250 nm.
The mean FeO content of the fresh regions in the inner-ring area was calculated to be 6.75 wt%, suggesting the limited amount of basalts in the area. However, we found some basaltic outcrops at interior and ejecta of smaller craters excavating part of the ring materials. The surface area of the basaltic outcrops is estimated to be 1.3×10-3 % of the inner-ring area. By assuming that the area abundance of the basalts in the inner ring is equal to the volume abundance, we estimated to be the total volume of basaltic intrusions of 1.2×105 km3. Based on comparison with the total volume of Mare Crisium (2.0×105–7.2×105 km3) [Mulis et al., 1992; Solomon and Head, 1980], we conclude that mare volcanism before the Crisium-forming impact was less active than post-Crisium volcanism.