Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG48] Science of slow earthquakes: Toward unified understandings of whole earthquake process

Wed. May 29, 2019 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM IC (2F)

convener:Satoshi Ide(Department of Earth an Planetary Science, University of Tokyo), Hitoshi Hirose(Research Center for Urban Safety and Security, Kobe University), Kohtaro Ujiie(Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba), Takahiro Hatano(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Hitoshi Hirose, Yoshiyuki Tanaka

10:00 AM - 10:15 AM

[SCG48-04] Co- and Post-seismic deformation due to the 2016 moderate earthquake sequence at the Chaman fault

*Fumiko Matsumoto1, Masato Furuya1 (1.Hokkaido University)

Keywords:InSAR, Slow slip, Crustal deformation

Chaman fault system, located in Pakistan and Afghanistan, forms a transform boundary between Indian and Eurasian plates. Previous geological survey found the relative velocity of the Indian plate to the Eurasian at ~36mm/yr. Chaman fault is the major sinistral strike-slip fault which has ~900km long in the system. However, no large earthquakes (M>7) have been documented on the Chaman fault. Low seismicity results from either a long recurrence interval or aseismic creeping. Recent studies indicate a heterogeneous distribution of locked and creeping segments along the fault. In previous work, Furuya and Satyabala(2008) revealed a long lasted afterslip following a moderate earthquake (M5) in 2005 on the Chaman fault. We examine other earthquakes on the Chaman fault and their behavior comparing with the results in Furuya and Satyabala(2008). We find two moderate events occurred on May 13 and July 10 in 2016, first events larger than M5 on the Chaman fault after the M5 earthquake in 2005. The first event on May 13 was the largest M5-class earthquake since the 2005 M5 event examined by Furuya and Satyabala (2008). According to USGS catalogue, this May 13 event has three earthquakes observed within a few kilometers every minute in a row. We use ascending Sentinel-1 SAR data from March 31, 2016 to January 13, 2017. We generate InSAR images that suggest that the co- and post-seismic deformation of left-lateral strike-slip. Especially the second July 10 event almost implies the same behavior with the results in Furuya and Satyabala(2008). We must pick up real deformation except atmospheric trend, so we stack five InSAR images using different master date for each events before estimation of fault source model.