4:00 PM - 4:15 PM
[SCG51-09] Role of water on dynamics in the lower mantle and core-mantle boundary regions
Keywords:Water, lower mantle, hydrous mineral, phase delta, phase H, bridgmanite
We studied the hydrogen and aluminum partitioning between alumina and hydrogen between the delta-H solid solution and aluminous bridgmanite at high pressure and temperature. We observed that bridgmanite under the wet conditions depleted in aluminum, and it contains almost no water under the wet lower mantle conditions at 28 GPa and 800-1400oC. This partitioning of H and Al can provide significant effect on lower mantle dynamics through the change of the garnet-bridgmanite phase boundary, the pressure of the spin transition of both bridgmanite and delta-H solid solution, and bridganite-postperovskite transition.
The supply of water to the core-mantle boundary can create a reaction of water and iron in the core to produce FeO2H and its reaction product postperovskite Fe2O3. These phases together with the delta-H solid solution can play important roles at the bottom of the lower mantle. Physical properties of these phases can account for the sound velocity and density anomalies in the regions such as ULVZ (ultra-low velocity zone) and LLSVP (large low shear velocity province) .
 Ohira et al. (2014) Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 401: 12–17,  Ohtani et al. (2018) Jour. Asian Earth Sci. 2018,  Yuan et al. (2018) Geophys. Res. Lett.,45. doi.org/10.1002/2017GL0757