[SCG51-P12] The oxygen content of sulphides in the mantle and a geothermometer for diamond formation
Keywords:Sulfide, Oxygen, Geothermometer
We have measured the oxygen contents of sulphide melts within experimentally produced mantle assemblages at high pressures and temperatures. A series of multi-anvil experiments were conducted to equilibrate a peridotite assemblage with molten sulphide (FeS) at pressures between 3 – 11 GPa and temperatures of 1300 °C – 1700 °C. The effects of pressure, temperature, oxygen fugacity and composition have been investigated. Oxygen fugacity was determined in some experiments by saturating the sulphide in Ir to produce a separate Ir-Fe metal alloy, for which the Fe content is a function of oxygen fugacity. The results show that sulphide melt oxygen contents can range up to 16 weight % FeO, at mantle conditions. Moreover, the content of oxygen in the sulphide is found to be not controlled by fO2 or fS2, which is in disagreement with previous experimental studies conducted at ambient pressure conditions. The experiments indicate that the oxygen concentration is mainly controlled by the FeO activity in coexisting silicates phases and the temperature, although further work is still required to calibrate effects of Ni and Cu. In order to fit the data and to account for the FeO dependence, we developed a thermodynamic model using an end-member equilibrium between olivine, pyroxene and FeO in the sulphide melt. The resulting relationship can be used as a geothermometer based on sulphide inclusion oxygen contents and could be particularly useful for determining diamond formation temperatures for sub lithospheric diamonds.