Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG54] Rheology, fracture and friction in Earth and planetary sciences

Tue. May 28, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A09 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Miki Tasaka(Shimane University), Osamu Kuwano(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Ichiko Shimizu(Division of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Hidemi Ishibashi(Faculty of Science, Shizuoka University), Chairperson:Osamu Kuwano(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Ichiko Shimizu

12:00 PM - 12:15 PM

[SCG54-06] Effect of friction and comminution on the optically-stimulated luminescence of quartz grains

*Kiyokazu Oohashi1, Koji Akasegawa2, Yuki Minomo1, Noriko Hasebe3, Kazumasa Miura4 (1.Graduate School of Sciences and Technology for Innovation, Yamaguchi University, 2.Daiwa Exploration & Consulting Co., Ltd., 3.Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University, 4.Graduate School of Natural Science & Technology, Kanazawa University)

Keywords:Optically stimulated luminescence, Friction experiment, BET specific surface area, Triboluminescence

Optically-stimulated luminescence(OSL) dating is considered to be applicable for fault dating owing to its instability even for short-time heating such as frictional heating. However, fault zone material may experience not only heat but also friction and comminution with coseismic faulting. If the OSL signal becomes small or disappear due to friction and comminution that is also accompanied by stable sliding (fault creep), OSL signal zeroing in natural fault zone can not be simply attributed to earthquake event. Here we report an increment of OSL signal of quartz during a low- to intermediate-velocity frictional sliding. The increments of OSL signal intensities were found from finely ground recovered sample (<75 μm). We also recognized an increment of fast to medium component of OSL with increasing sliding velocity. These results can be explained by (1) trapping of electron on newly-formed mineral surface, (2) rate-dependent emission of electron, such as triboemission, at asperity contact.

[Acknowledgements] This work was supported by grants from the Nuclear Regulation Authority (FY 2015–2018).