Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG55] Crustal fluids and deformation

Thu. May 30, 2019 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A11 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Yuichi Kitagawa(Tectono-Hydrology Research Group, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Naoji Koizumi(School of Environmental Science,the University of Shiga Prefecture), Koji Umeda(Hirosaki University), Fumiaki Tsunomori(Geochemical Research Center, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Yuichi Kitagawa(産業技術総合研究所地質調査総合センター地震地下水研究グループ), Fumiaki Tsunomori(東京大学大学院理学系研究科地殻化学実験施設)

9:15 AM - 9:35 AM

[SCG55-02] Groundwater level changes during the 2018 Hokkaido Eastern Iburi earthquake

★Invited Papers

*Tomo Shibata1, Ryo Takahashi2, Hiroaki Takahashi3, Takanori Kagoshima4, Yuji Sano4, Daniele Pinti5 (1.Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, 2.Geological Survey of Hokkaido, Hokkaido Research Organization, 3.Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, 4.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 5.GEOTOP, Université du Québec)

Keywords:Groundwater level, Poroelastic behavior, Earthquake, Hokkaido

Groundwater table level in wells can fluctuate under stress provoked by earthquakes located even thousands of kilometers away. The mechanisms of changes in groundwater level can be explained by hydrological changes such as pore-pressure response to coseismic static elastic strain, permeability changes caused by seismic waves and fluid migration along seismogenic dilatant cracks or crustal ruptures. The Geological Survey of Hokkaido, Hokkaido Research Organization (HRO), has been monitoring groundwater tables in several wells after the 2018 Hokkaido Eastern Iburi earthquake. The wells were drilled for exploiting hot spring water but have not been used in the last 20 years. The groundwater level was measured by pressure gauges with resolution about 5-10 mm in 10-minute intervals in each monitored well. After the Hokkaido Eastern Iburi earthquake, we were able to find a step-like decrease in groundwater levels in three wells. These wells are located within the region where tensile changes of the quake-induced volumetric strain can be calculated by using the fault model, suggesting that the changes in groundwater levels are qualitatively consistent with those in volumetric strain. The observed groundwater level changes are also affected by tidal and barometric effects, and we can estimate the response of groundwater level for tidal components. The tidal responses in all the wells have not changed before and after the earthquake.