[SCG60-P06] Geochemical variations of the asthenosphere inferred from the geochemistry of petit-spot lavas in the NW Pacific plate
Keywords:petit-spot basalt, asthenosphere, volatile elements
The glass has higher volatile contents (H2O, CO2, and halogens) than most MORBs and lacks chlorine alteration by seawater. Some samples are clearly oversaturated in CO2 and H2O at 60 MPa, which is the submarine hydrostatic pressure. The glass also shows negative anomalies of Zr, Hf and Ti, implying that there is a carbonatitic component in the mantle source. Moreover, Nd and Sr isotope ratios, and some geochemical trends with volatile elements indicate that the magma was derived from an EM1-like mantle component. Therefore, the compositions of the petit-spot lavas can possibly be explained by mixing of DMM and recycled EM1 material with carbonates. The degree of EM1 signature for each eruptive location gradually decreases toward the trench. We suggest that the variation of volatile compositions and Sr-Nd isotopic systematics of petit-spot magmas reflect their temporal and spatial transition in the asthenosphere along the NW Pacific plate track.