9:00 AM - 9:15 AM
[SCG61-13] Deciphering dynamics of thermal events at lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary from peridotite xenoliths of Ichinomegata maar, NE Japan
Keywords:lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary zone, spinel peridotite xenolith, thermal history, chemical zoning
In our previous study, the depths and temperatures of 8 of the 9 xenoliths just before the xenolith extraction are estimated to range 28-55 km and 828-1081 °C. The mantle beneath Ichinomegata consists of shallow (28-32 km), low temperature, granular (less strained), and amphibole-bearing zone and deep (41-55 km), high temperature, porphyroclastic (strained), and amphibole-free and melt-bearing zone. We identified the shallower zone as lithospheric mantle, the deeper zone as LAB zone, and that their boundary was controlled by wet solidus.
We obtained Ca, Al, Cr, and Ti zonings of large clinopyroxene and orthopyroxene using EPMA at the University of Tokyo and analyzed them with a diffusion model. The zoning patterns of Ca, Al, and Cr of pyroxenes allow us to identify 4 different thermal histories from 4 types of chemical zonings for orthopyroxene (O1-O4) and 3 types for clinopyroxene (C1-C3) as summarized in Table 1. They are (1) continuous cooling at a cooling rate of ~1x10-4 °C/y over the time scale of ~1-10 million years from ~1000 to ~830 °C (constrained from O1 and C1), (2) cooling followed by weak heating at ~900 °C over the time scale of ~10-100 thousand years (from O2 and C1), (3) cooling followed by strong heating at ~1050 °C over the time scale of ~1-100 thousand years (from O3 and C2), and (4) prolonged cooling and heating at ~1000 °C (from O4 and C3). There is a systematic depth variation of thermal histories as summarized in Table 2. It is notable that the shallow lithospheric mantle is characterized by simple cooling or cooling followed by weak heating and the deep LAB zone by cooling followed by strong heating. This systematic depth variation requires a thermal perturbation of asthenospheric mantle beneath the deeper LAB zone, most plausibly asthenospheric upwelling.
The age of the Japan Sea opening is comparable to the time scale of cooling estimated from O1 and C1, and the continuous cooling at the shallow lithospheric mantle is attributable to the cooling of the back-arc basin lithosphere, The timescale of the heating event in the deep LAB zone is too short to be explained by LAB-fixed heat conduction model. Effective heat transportation mechanisms are necessary, either partial crystallization of melt generated in the asthenosphere that passed through the LAB zone as advocated by Takahashi (1980) or extensive lithosphere thinning.