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[SCG61-24] Influence of viscoelastic relaxation on estimated interplate coupling along the Nankai Trough, southwest Japan
Keywords:Crustal deformation, Viscoelastic relaxation, Nankai trough, Viscoelastic block model
We calculated viscoelastic deformation using VISCO1D (Pollitz, 1997) and assumed a 35 km thick elastic plate overriding a Maxwell viscoelastic half-space with a viscosity of 1019 Pa s. Coseismic fault model for the 1944 Tonankai and 1946 Nankai earthquakes estimated by Sagiya and Thatcher (1999) is used for viscoelastic calculation. A recurrence interval of megathrust earthquakes is 117 years and slip deficit accumulated for the interseismic period is completely released by the megathrust earthquakes. Figs. A-C show 1st and 2nd components as well as the sum of them as of 2007. 1st component represent a difference between elastic and viscoelastic responses of locking that has continued since the infinite past. It reaches 2 cm/yr along the Pacific coast and several mm/yr even along the coast of Sea of Japan (Fig. A). 2nd component is generally reverse to 1st component and decays with time from the last earthquake. Amplitude of 2nd component is roughly equal to that of 1st component 30 years after the last earthquake. Therefore, total viscoelastic correction is minimized 30 years after the last earthquakes during the interseismic period. Even after 61 years of the last earthquakes, velocities of 2nd component is still comparable to those of 1st component (Fig. B). Total correction velocities, therefore, exceed 2 mm/yr only near peninsulas along the Pacific Ocean (Fig. C). 2nd component reaches several mm/yr in the last years of the interseismic period for the Nankai subduction zone and cannot be ignored for better viscoelastic correction.
We present a result of applying viscoelastic correction to the block model of Nishimura et al.(2018) which models onshore GNSS and offshore GNSS-Acoustic velocities in southwest Japan.