[SEM18-P13] Rock-magnetic studies on seafloor hydrothermal deposits in the Okinawa Trough
Keywords:Hydrothermal deposits, Cu-Fe-S sulfide, Low-temperature magnetometry
X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements and chemical analyses indicate that the chimney structured ore mainly consist of pyrrhotite and a Cu-Fe-S sulfide. Crystal structure of the Cu-Fe-S sulfide is similar to that of sphalerite and its chemical composition is close to CuFe2S3. From these characters, CuFe2S3 isocubanite is the candidate for the Cu-Fe-S sulfide.
Since the magnetic properties of CuFe2S3 isocubanite were rarely found in the literature, we first conducted low-temperature magnetometry measurements and magnetic hysteresis measurements of isocubanite. Isocubanite was synthesized by heating a cubanite sample (from Henderson No.2 mine, Chibougaman, Qubec, Canada) at 300 ℃ in vacuum (e.g. Sawada et al., 1962; Nenasheva and Kravchenko, 2015). Results of the magnetic measurements showed that isocubanite is weakly ferromagnetic at room temperature, and undergo a magnetic transition to relatively strong ferromagnetic at ~100 K. Saturation magnetization was 0.09 Am2/kg at room temperature and 0.4 Am2/kg at 50 K.
Similar magnetic measurements were performed on the Cu-Fe-S sulfide in the chimney ore which was magnetically separated from pyrrhotite. The Cu-Fe-S sulfide was paramagnetic at room temperature and became ferromagnetic at below ~100 K. Saturation magnetization at 50 K was ~20 Am2/kg. Such strong magnetization and sharp magnetic transition at low temperature is inconsistent with the behavior of isocubanite, but rather comparable to that of Cu1-εFe3+εS4 ‘new phase’ reported by Wintenberger et al. (1994) as an ageing product of isocubanite. Results of our magnetic measurements indicate that ‘new phase’ is a solid solution which includes CuFe2S3 composition.
Some of the sediment core samples contain a Cu-Fe-S sulfide with similar XRD pattern and chemical composition to that found in the chimney ore. Those sediment core samples also show a magnetic transition at ~100 K. Intensity of the magnetization at low temperature could be explained by assuming that the Cu-Fe-S sulfide in the sediment core samples is isocubanite, based on rough estimate of mineral proportion from XRD.