Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-GC Geochemistry

[S-GC40] Volatile Cycles in the Deep Earth - from Subduction Zone to Hot Spot

Wed. May 29, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM A10 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Hirochika Sumino(Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo), Takeshi Hanyu(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Department of Solid Earth Geochemistry), Yuji Sano(Division of Ocean and Earth Systems, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Gray E Bebout(Lehigh University), Chairperson:Takeshi Hanyu, Gray Bebout(Lehigh University), Yuji Sano, Hirochika Sumino

4:00 PM - 4:15 PM

[SGC40-07] Volatile composition in ocean island basalts

*Takeshi Hanyu1 (1.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Department of Solid Earth Geochemistry)

Keywords:volatile, recycle, mantle

Volatile reservoirs and transport mechanisms in the mantle are one of fundamental questions in mantle geochemistry. The atmosphere and hydrosphere are major volatile reservoirs in the Earth. Portions of volatiles in the surface layers can be incorporated into oceanic crust and sediment by fluidal reaction and organic and inorganic sedimentation, and then they are delivered to the mantle via slab subduction. However, the efficiency of volatile transport against subduction barrier is poorly constrained. Studies of volatiles in ocean island basalts (OIBs) should document the origin and distribution of volatiles in the deep mantle. This presentation provides an overview of previous studies of volatiles on OIBs using submarine quenched glasses and olivine-hosted melt inclusions.

Whether the mantle source of OIBs is enriched in H2O is measured by taking H2O/Ce ratio, where Ce is a lithophile element that has similar incompatibility to H2O during partial melting. While many OIBs exhibit H2O/Ce that overlap with the MORB range, OIBs with robust EM1, EM2, and HIMU signatures have significantly lower H2O/Ce. The fact that H2O/Ce decreases proportionately with increasing 87Sr/86Sr for Pitcairn, Kerguelen (EM1), and Society (EM2), and with decreasing 207Pb/206Pb for Tuvalu (HIMU) documents that the mantle components with robust EM1, EM2, and HIMU signatures are commonly depleted in H2O relative to Ce [1-3]. If their precursor was any type of subducted material, fluid or hydrous melt extraction from the subducted slab reasonably explains the low H2O/Ce. However, an alternative explanation is a contribution from pyroxenite components in the magma sources, where Ce is more efficiently partitioned into pyroxene than H [4].

Enrichment in F (i.e., F/Nd) in the EM1 and EM2 OIBs from Pitcairn and Samoa is equivocal [2,5]. In contrast, melt inclusions from Mangaia HIMU basalts have high F/Nd (~30) as a group relative to the average MORB value (~21) [1,6], which is best explained by the efficient transfer of F to the mantle by F-bearing minerals such as amphibole, serpentinite, mica, and clinohumite in subducted slabs [7]. Detecting Cl enrichment is not always straightforward because shallow-level magma assimilation with seawater, brines, and altered oceanic crust easily alter the Cl composition [8]. Submarine glasses from Pitcairn and Society exhibit decreasing Cl/K with increasing 87Sr/86Sr [2]. Such covariation precludes assimilation as the principal cause of Cl/K variation, and therefore low Cl/K is the source feature of EM1 and EM2. Chlorine loss from subducted components due to fluid release or hydrous melt extraction accounts for low Cl/K. In contrast, HIMU OIBs show increase of Cl/K and Cl/Nb along with decreasing 207Pb/206Pb (more robust HIMU signature from ancient altered oceanic crust) as observed in olivine-hosted melt inclusions in Raivavae basalts from Austral Islands [9]. Because such correlation is not ascribed to shallow-level assimilation, this fact requires a mechanism to return Cl from the hydrosphere to the HIMU mantle source via altered oceanic crust against subduction dehydration. Although Cl-hosting minerals beyond the sub-arc depth have not been thus far identified, the lattice defects in major minerals or mineral grain boundaries may be a carrier of small amounts of Cl in subducted oceanic crust. Subduction of altered oceanic crust would transfer Cl from seawater to the deep mantle, forming Cl-rich HIMU mantle reservoir in the deep mantle.

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[2] Kendrick et al., Chem. Geol. 370, 69-81 (2014).

[3] Wallace, J. Petrol. 43, 1311-1326 (2002).

[4] Bizimis & Peslier, Chem. Geol. 397, 61-75 (2015).

[5] Kendrick et al., Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 410, 197-209 (2015).

[6] Cabral et al., Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 15, 4445-4467 (2014).

[7] Grützner et al., Geology 45, 443-446 (2017).

[8] Stroncik & Haase, Geology 32, 945-948 (2004).

[9] Hanyu et al., Nat. Commun. 10, 60 (2019).