11:15 AM - 11:30 AM
[SIT20-02] Scaling pseudotachylytes from the lab to the field
Keywords:pseudotachylytes, melt, earthquakes, scaling, lubrication, laboratory analogues
The pseudotachylyte thickness a scales with the relative displacement. The scaling law seems continuous over eight orders of magnitude from the laboratory to the field scale, for measured sliding varying from microns to meters. For magnitudes between -6 and 9, experimental and natural high-pressure faults show striking similarities.
In most lithologies, a kink is observed in the scaling law when the sliding and thickness reach 1 mm and 100 µm, respectively, i.e. Mw >1. This saturation of the pseudotachylyte thickness is due to the scale-depend efficiency of thermal diffusivity, and may also be affected by variations in magma mobility.
Previous studies show a similar kink in seismological estimations of the fracture energy G as a function of D, for D > 10cm. The saturation of both a and G for large magnitudes would mark the transition from adiabatic to diffusive rupture propagation.
In addition, experimental micro-pseudotachylytes and experimental faults due to transformational faulting follow the same scaling law, which brings into light that transformational faulting could hide a transient melting stage.