Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT20] Property and role of liquids inside terrestrial planets

Sun. May 26, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A09 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Tatsuya Sakamaki(Department of Earth Science, Tohoku University), Yoichi Nakajima(Kumamoto University, Priority Organization for Innovation and Excellence), Chairperson:Tatsuya Sakamaki(Tohoku University), Yoichi Nakajima(Kumamoto University )

12:00 PM - 12:15 PM

[SIT20-04] Pressure-induced structural change in magnesium silicate melts

*Toshiaki Iitaka1, Nguyen Van Hong2 (1.RIKEN, 2.Hanoi University of Science and Technology)

Keywords:magnesium silicate melts, liquid structure, phase diagram

First principles calculation using periodic boundary conditions and density functional theory on high-performance computers have made great achievements in materials science under extreme conditions. However, many difficulties related to the dynamics and the size effects arise when it is extended to aperiodic systems such as liquids and amorphous solids under high temperature and high pressure [1]. Nonetheless the remarkable improvement of hardware capabilities and invention of new algorithms in the scope of the post-post-K computers will promote discoveries of new physics of such liquids.

Recently, a glass-glass transition of MgSiO3 was observed at 88 GPa and room temperature using X-ray diffraction measurement under static compression in a diamond anvil cell[2]. It was suggested that this transition may be extended to a liquid-liquid transition of MgSiO3 melt at higher temperatures and pressures, which corresponds to the perovskite post-perovskite (Pv-PPv) transition of MgSiO3 crystal [3, 4].

Shock compression experiments for MgSiO3 [5, 6] and Mg2SiO4 [7, 8]melts have been also performed making it possible to explore the structure and properties of liquids directly.

In this presentation, we report the results of molecular dynamics simulation of magnesium silicate melts under high temperature and high pressure using various simulation schemes such as Empirical Potential Molecular Dynamics (EPMD) [9]and First Principle Molecular Dynamics (FPMD) simulation[10] as well as Large-scale First Principle Molecular Dynamics (L-FPMD) simulation for a consistent understanding.


[1] T. Iitaka: High Pressure Science and Technology, 27, 174 (2017).

[2] Y. Kono, et al.: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115, 1742 (2018).

[3] M. Murakami, et al.: Science, 304, 855 (2004).

[4] T. Iitaka, et al.: Nature, 430, 442 (2004).

[5] D.E. Fratanduono, et al.: Phys. Rev. B, 97, 214105 (2018).

[6] D.K. Spaulding, et al.: Phys. Rev. Lett., 108, 065701 (2012).

[7] T. Sekine, et al.: Science Advances, 2, UNSP e1600157 (2016).

[8] S. Root, et al.: Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 3865 (2018).

[9] F.J. Spera, et al.: Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 75, 1272 (2011).

[10] L. Stixrude, et al.: Science, 310, 297 (2005).