Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT20] Property and role of liquids inside terrestrial planets

Sun. May 26, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Tatsuya Sakamaki(Department of Earth Science, Tohoku University), Yoichi Nakajima(Kumamoto University, Priority Organization for Innovation and Excellence)

[SIT20-P04] Sound velocity measurements on liquid Fe-P alloy up to 80 GPa

*Daisuke Kinoshita1, Yoichi Nakajima1,2, Yasuhiro Kuwayama2,3, Kei Hirose3, Daisuke Ishikawa2,4, Baron Q.R. Alfred2 (1.Kumamoto University, 2.RIKEN MDL, 3.Tokyo University, 4.JASRI)

Keywords:outer core, sound velocity, high pressure

The Earth’s liquid outer core is composed mainly of iron, alloying with 5% nickel and 10% lighter elements [1]. The core composition is important to understand the environment and mechanism of the core formation process and the present-day magnetic field. The sound velocity of liquid iron alloys under relevant high-pressure and -temperature conditions in the core is key to constraining the core composition because the direct observations for the core is seismologic wave passing through the core only. Phosphorous is one of the candidates for light elements in the core because it is found in iron-meteorites [2] and depleted in the silicate mantle relative to chondrites [3]. In this study, we determined the P-wave velocity of liquid Fe75P25 up to 80 GPa using a laser-heated diamond-anvil cell in combination with an inelastic X-ray scattering (IXS) spectroscopy. We performed IXS measurements at a beamline BL43LXU [4] of the RIKEN SPring-8 Center in Japan. The P-wave velocity of liquid Fe75P25 were obtained based on the observed acoustic phonon dispersion. The present results exhibit that the influence of phosphorus on liquid iron sound velocity is almost negligible under the present experimental conditions. On the other hands, the density of liquid Fe can be reduced by phosphorous.

[1] Stevenson, 1981 Science. Vol.214, 611-619
[2] Skála and Císařova, 2005 Physics and Chemistry of Minerals. Vol.31, 721-732
[3] McDonough, 2003 Treatise on Geochem. Vol.2, 547-568
[4] Baron, 2010 SPring-8 Inf. Newsl. Vol.15, No.1 14-19