Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT20] Property and role of liquids inside terrestrial planets

Sun. May 26, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Tatsuya Sakamaki(Department of Earth Science, Tohoku University), Yoichi Nakajima(Kumamoto University, Priority Organization for Innovation and Excellence)

[SIT20-P06] Inelastic X-ray scattering measurements of liquid Fe-N alloy under high pressure

*Asaki Iwamoto1, Yoichi Nakajima1,2, Daisuke Kinoshita1, Yasuhiro Kuwayama2,3, Kei Hirose3, Daisuke Ishikawa2,4, Alfred Q.R. Baron2 (1.Kumamoto University, 2.RIKEN MDL, 3.The University of Tokyo, 4.JASRI)

Keywords:Earth's liquid outer core, Light element, P-wave velocity, High pressure

The Earth’s liquid outer core is composed mainly of iron, alloying with ~5% nickel and ~10% some light elements [1]. Nitrogen is one of candidates for the light elements. The abundance of nitrogen in the silicate mantle relative to that in primordial meteorites is less than those of similar volatile components such as H2O, C and Ar, so that large portion of nitrogen in bulk Earth can be stored in the core [2,3]. In order to examine the possibility of nitrogen in the core, it is benefit to compare the sound velocity of liquid Fe-N alloy under high-pressure and -temperature relevant to the core conditions with the seismological observations. In this study, we performed inelastic X-ray scattering (IXS) measurements on liquid Fe-N alloy and determined its longitudinal velocity of the liquid Fe-N alloy under high pressure and temperature.

We carried out high-pressure and -temperature IXS measurements using a laser-heated diamond-anvil cell (LH-DAC) at the beamline BL43LXU of SPring-8 [4]. We used an Fe4N foil (hereafter called Fe80N20) as a starting sample and single crystal Al2O3 discs as a thermal insulator. We judged the sample melting based on X-ray diffraction measurements during heating and then measured IXS of the liquid sample. The longitudinal sound wave (P-wave) velocity of liquid Fe80N20 was determined from the dispersion relation of the longitudinal acoustic phonon mode of the sample. We obtained the velocity of liquid Fe80N20 up to 76 GPa and 2200 K. We found that the P-wave velocity of liquid Fe80N20 is slightly faster by c.a. 4% than that of liquid Fe [5]. The P-wave velocity of liquid outer core is faster by 4% than liquid Fe [5]. Therefore, the present results give the upper limit of 5.9 wt.% (20 at.%) for the nitrogen content in the outer core.

[1] Stevenson, Science 214, 611-619 (1981).

[2] Marty, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 313-314, 56-66 (2012).

[3] Li et al., Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 377-378, 311-323 (2013).

[4] Baron, SPring-8 Inf. Newsl. 15(1), 14-19 (2010).

[5] Anderson and Ahrens, J. Geophys. Res. 99(B3), 4273-4284 (1994)