Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT21] Interaction and Coevolution of the Core and Mantle in the Earth and Planets

Mon. May 27, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A10 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Kenji Kawai(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, School of Science, University of Tokyo), Tsuyoshi Iizuka(University of Tokyo), Kenji Ohta(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Taku Tsuchiya(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University), Chairperson:Kenji Ohta, Riko Iizuka

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

[SIT21-10] Measurements of high pressure-temperature thermal conductivity of the Earth’s lower mantle minerals in a laser-heated diamond anvil cell

*Kenji Ohta1, Akira Hasegawa1,2, Takashi Yagi2, Yoshiyuki Okuda1, Koutarou Onga1, Kei Hirose3,4, Yasuo Ohishi5 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2.National Metrology Institute of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 3.Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, The University of Tokyo, 5.Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute)

Keywords:Thermal conductivity, Lower mantle, High P-T experiment

The thermal transport properties of the Earth’s constituents are important information to understand thermal evolution and the heat budget of the Earth. Thus, the experimental determination of thermal conductivity of deep Earth materials are required. The diamond anvil cell (DAC) is capable of accessing the pressure-temperature conditions of the Earth’s deep interior, and is compatible with laser optical techniques. The pulsed light heating thermoreflectance (TR) method has been applied to a DAC in order to measure thermal conductivity and diffusivity of condensed material [1,2]. This TR with DAC method successfully obtained the thermal conductivity of the Earth’s lower mantle minerals to the pressure condition equal to the Earth’s core-mantle boundary (135 GPa) but at room temperature [3]. To extend measurable temperature range, the TR method may be combined with a laser-heated DAC (LHDAC) technique that is able to generate the pressure-temperature condition equivalent to the center of the Earth.

We recently developed a new instrument to measure the thermal diffusivity (and thus thermal conductivity) of sample in-situat high pressure and temperature based on the combination of the TR method and the LHDAC system. We use a double-sided high-power CW laser heating technique to generate stable high temperature conditions of sample in a DAC. A pulsed pump laser and a CW probe laser are also irradiated to the sample to determine heat diffusion time through the sample via the thermoreflectance phenomena. Details of the thermoreflectance technique in a DAC may be found in our previous studies [2]. Using the developed method, we measured the thermal conductivity of the main minerals in the Earth’s lower mantle, MgO periclase, MgSiO3bridgmanite, post-perovskite and CaSiO3perovskitein-situat high pressures and high temperatures. These are the first experimental demonstrations of thermal conductivity of the lower mantle minerals at the conditions below the mid-part of the Earth’s lower mantle. The new thermal conductivity measurement system will shed light on the controversial thermal transport properties of the Earth’s deep interior [4].

References:[1] Hsieh, W.-P. et al., Phys. Rev. B, 80, 180302 (2009).[2] Yagi, T. et al., Meas. Sci. Technol., 22, 024011 (2011). [3] Okuda, Y. et al., Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 474, 25–31 (2017). [4] Kavner, A. and Rainey, E.S.G., Deep Earth: Physics and Chemistry of the Lower Mantle and Core, 31–42 (2016).