Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT21] Interaction and Coevolution of the Core and Mantle in the Earth and Planets

Tue. May 28, 2019 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A10 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Kenji Kawai(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, School of Science, University of Tokyo), Tsuyoshi Iizuka(University of Tokyo), Kenji Ohta(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Taku Tsuchiya(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University), Chairperson:Kenji Kawai, Sebastian Ritterbex

10:00 AM - 10:15 AM

[SIT21-23] Development of New Technology for Geoneutrino Directional Measurement

*Hiroko Watanabe1 (1.Research Center for Neutrino Science, Tohoku University)

Keywords:geoneutrino, radiogenic power

Neutrino is an elusive particle and it can penetrate even astronomical objects. While neutrino experiments continue to explore the neutrino propertied, e.g. oscillation nature of neutrino flavor transformation, mass-square differences and mixing angles, we have began to utilize neutrino as a tool to look into the Earth. Anti-neutrinos emitted from radioactive isotopes, geo-neutrinos, bring unique and direct information of the Earth’s interior and thermal dynamics.

KamLAND, Kamioka Liquid-scintillator Anti-neutrino Detector, has 1 kton ultra pure liquid scintillator. They reported the first experimental study of geo-neutrino in 2005. Later the geo-neutrino signals were used to estimate the Earth’s radiogenic heat production and constrain the composition models of the bulk silicate Earth. Following the Fukusima reactor accident in March 2011, the entire Japanese nuclear reactor industry has been subjected to a protected shutdown. This unexpected situation allows us to improve the sensitivity for geo-neutrinos.

The liquid scintillator detectors have the sensitivity for measuring total amount of geo-neutrinos from the Earth’s crust and mantle. However, we do not have the technology to track the direction of incoming geo-neutrinos at present due to the high miss-identification in a neutrino’s track reconstruction. The direction-sensitive detector can map out the U and Th distribution inside the Earth and this technic is also applicable to resolving crust versus mantle contributions. Recent progress in studying this this new technology confirmed that a signify improvement is possible in neutrino tracking identification with a combination of 6Li-loaded liquid scintillator and imaging detector. We developed prototype detector to measure 3D image of scintillation light and study the methodology for the image reconstruction. We will present recent status of our prototype detector and achievement of dark noise reduction of pixelated detector.