Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT21] Interaction and Coevolution of the Core and Mantle in the Earth and Planets

Mon. May 27, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Kenji Kawai(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, School of Science, University of Tokyo), Tsuyoshi Iizuka(University of Tokyo), Kenji Ohta(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Taku Tsuchiya(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University)

[SIT21-P05] Lattice thermal conductivity of wadsleyite and ringwoodite at the mantle transition zone pressures

*seiji kimura1, Kenji Ohta6, Takaaki Kawazoe2, Kei Hirose3, Hiroyuki Kagi4, Takashi Yagi5 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2.Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Hiroshima University, 3.Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4.Geochemical Research Center, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 5.National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 6.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Keywords:wadsleyite, ringwoodite, mantle transition zone, hydrous minerals, thermal conductivity

The lattice thermal conductivities of wadsleyite (Wd) and ringwoodite (Rw), which predominantly occupy the Earth's mantle transition zone, are important transport properties to understand the dynamics and thermal structure of the mantle. In particular, the temperature in the subducting slab is mainly controlled by the thermal conduction of Wd and Rw. Wd and Rw are both thought to preserve a large amount of hydrogen ions, thus should play an important role as the main water reservoir in the Earth. Furthermore, it has been reported that the hydration affects the physical properties of minerals including thermal conductivity, and it is necessary to measure the lattice thermal conductivity of Wd and Rw considering their water content. However, so far, the reported lattice thermal conductivities of Wd and Rw has not been considered their water content (Xu et al., 2004). Here we measured the room temperature lattice thermal conductivity of (Mg0.89Fe0.11)2SiO4 Wd and (Mg0.91Fe0.09)2SiO4 Rw up to 27 GPa, respectively, to clarify their hydration dependence using the pulsed light heating thermoreflectance technique in a diamond anvil cell.The obtained results show similar pressure dependence of the lattice thermal conductivity to the previous study (Xu et al., 2004). However, the absolute values of the thermal conductivity are different; the lattice conductivities of hydrous Wd and Rd are ~52% and ~40% lower than the results of Xu et al. (2004), respectively. Our results suggest strong water content dependence of lattice thermal conductivities of Wd and Rw, implying that the water content in the mantle minerals is key factor for calculating the thermal structure in a subducting slab, mantle dynamics.