Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT21] Interaction and Coevolution of the Core and Mantle in the Earth and Planets

Mon. May 27, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Kenji Kawai(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, School of Science, University of Tokyo), Tsuyoshi Iizuka(University of Tokyo), Kenji Ohta(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Taku Tsuchiya(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University)

[SIT21-P20] Electrical resistivity of hcp Fe-Si alloys at high pressure and temperature

*Hayato Inoue1, Sho Suehiro1, Kenji Ohta1, Kei Hirose2,3, Yasuo Ohishi4 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2.Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 3.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, The University of Tokyo, 4.Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute)

Keywords:Electrical conductivity, Thermal conductivity, Earth's core

Silicon (Si) has been repeatedly suggested to be the major light element in the Earth’s core that mainly consists of iron [1]. Alloying the light element(s) affects a variety of physical properties of iron. Electrical and thermal conductivities strongly constrain the dynamics and thermal evolution of Earth’s core and these parameters are linked by the Wiedemann-Franz law (κ= σLT; κ: thermal conductivity, σ: electrical conductivity, L: Lorenz number, T: absolute temperature). However, measurements of electrical and thermal conductivities under static condition at extremely high pressures (P) and temperature (T) are limited for pure iron [2], [3]. The estimates of the core conductivity considering the effect of light element(s) have been done based on the resistivity saturation model, but the validity of the model at the core condition is unclear [4], [5].
In this study, we examined electrical resistivity (the reciprocal of electrical conductivity) of Fe-2, 4 and 6.5 wt.%Si at high P-T conditions in an internally-heated diamond anvil cell (IHDAC) up to 99 GPa and 2910 K. Our results of electrical resistivity of hcp Fe-Si alloys showed its nonlinear temperature dependence, indicating the occurrence of the resistivity saturation. The resistivity saturation in Fe-Si alloys observed in this study supports the notion of high core conductivity and resulting molten lowermost mantle and young inner core.

References: [1] Poirier: Phys. Earth Planet. Inter. 85, 319-337 (1994).;[2] Ohta et al.: Nature 534, 95–98 (2016).;[3] Konôpková et al.: Nature 534, 99–101 (2016).;[4] Gomi et al.: Phys. Earth Planet. Inter. 224, 88–103 (2013).;[5] Gomi et al.: Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 451, 51–61 (2016).