3:45 PM - 4:00 PM
[SIT23-08] Deep structure and origin of the intraplate volcanoes in Northeast Asia
Keywords:Intraplate volcano, mantle structure, seismic tomography
High-resolution P-wave velocity (Vp) tomography of the upper mantle beneath NE China is obtained by inverting teleseismic P-wave travel-time data recorded by two dense linear arrays. The inclusion of the new data set has greatly improved sampling of the upper mantle beneath the study region, providing tight constraints on the seismic structure under the intraplate Wudalianchi and Halaha volcanoes. Local-scale low-Vp anomalies are revealed in the shallow mantle beneath the two volcanoes, whereas a large-scale high-Vp zone is imaged in the MTZ. These new results suggest that the two volcanoes, though located at different sites above the stagnant Pacific slab in the MTZ, are likely related to the deep subduction and dehydration of the Pacific slab, possibly through hot and wet upwelling in the big mantle wedge beneath Wudalianchi and through deeper hydrous upwelling related to slab avalanche beneath Halaha. Our results also reveal other striking features, such as high-Vp anomalies resting atop the 410-km discontinuity beneath the Great Xing'an Range and the Songliao Basin, which are attributed to detached continental lithosphere. The delamination most likely occurred in the Cretaceous, which induced widespread magmatism in NE China.
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