Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT24] Attenuation from crust to core: in situ experiments, observaions and implications

Sun. May 26, 2019 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A09 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Konishi Kensuke(Institute of Earth Sciences, Academia Sinica), Ikuo Katayama(Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Hiroshima University), Takashi Yoshino(Institute for Planetary Materials, Okayama University), Alexandre Schubnel(CNRS), Chairperson:Kensuke Konishi(Institute of Earth Sciences)

9:15 AM - 9:30 AM

[SIT24-02] Imaging crustal seismic attenuation, central Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand

*Stephen C Bannister1, Sandra Bourguignon1, Ted Bertrand1, Cameron Asher1 (1.GNS Science)

Keywords:Seismic attenuation, Taupo Volcanic Zone

Since 2009 we have deployed broadband and short-period seismometers across a 90 km by 55 km area in the central Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand, encompassing part of the Okataina Volcanic Centre and the Kapenga (Ngakuru) graben, as well as more than 8 hydrothermal systems, including Rotokawa, Wairakei, Mokai, Ohaaki, Waikite, Waimangu, Rotomahana, and Rotorua. Seismic acquisition was carried out using rolling arrays occupying more than 60 sites, with an average spacing of 6-7 km.
We have now undertaken event detection and location analysis for c.900 earthquakes using the seismic data, inverting arrival times to derive 3-D volumes for Vp and Vp/Vs, and using spectral data from the best earthquakes to derive a 3-D volume for Qp (1/attenuation). Our path coverage and density is good between 2 kms and 8 kms depth, as visualised using calculated raypath density tensors, and as confirmed by synthetic modelling. We find low Qp (Qp<200) anomalies in the 3D volume have a strong association with low resistivity anomalies highlighted from magnetotelluric data collected in the same region, as well as with seismicity swarms; we link these features to partial melt and the effect of volatiles in the mid- and upper crust