Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT24] Attenuation from crust to core: in situ experiments, observaions and implications

Sun. May 26, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Konishi Kensuke(Institute of Earth Sciences, Academia Sinica), Ikuo Katayama(Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Hiroshima University), Takashi Yoshino(Institute for Planetary Materials, Okayama University), Alexandre Schubnel(CNRS)

[SIT24-P05] Intrinsic attenuation factor Q of partially molten Fe–S–O system

*Chao Liu1, Takashi Yoshino1 (1.Institute for Planetary Materials, Okayama University)

Keywords:attenuation, partially melting, Young Modulus, inner core

Heterogeneous seismic structures have been found at the top of the Earth’s inner core in terms of attenuation and velocity (Iritani et al., 2014; Souriau and Romanowicz, 1997; Tanaka, 2012). The outermost part of the inner core with approximately 30 km thickness shows low attenuation, then attenuation increases beneath this layer (Cao and Romanowicz, 2004; Ibourichene and Romanowicz, 2018; Waszek and Deuss, 2013). The positive and negative correlations between velocity and attenuation were observed from the uppermost inner core in different areas: Pacific center in the inner core has negative correlation and the rest area has positive correlation (Attanayake et al., 2014; Godwin et al., 2018). In this study, experiments on attenuation of partially molten Fe–S–O system were performed to explain the possibility that could cause seismic anomalies.

We investigated Fe-S-O system. Sulfur and oxygen are regarded as the representative light element in the Earth’s core. Fe samples with 1, 3 and 14 wt. % S were synthesized in piston cylinder apparatus at 900oC and 1 GPa. a small amount of oxygen was included accidentally. In-situ X-ray radiographic observations were performed at the bending magnet beam line BL04B1 at SPring-8. Deformation-DIA press with a facility of cyclic loading was used. This system could produce sinusoidal displacement in a wide range of oscillation periods from 0.2 to 100 s and generating variable amplitudes (Yoshino et al., 2016). Q value characterizing intrinsic attenuation was determined by phase lag of sample strain against the reference material at 1 GPa and up to 1200oC.

The experimental results show that frequency dependence of attenuation is not remarkable except for a fine grained-sample, whereas decrease of attenuation was found at 1100 and 920oC for Fe- 1 wt. %S and Fe- 14 wt. %S samples, respectively. The attenuation drop would occur with increasing melt fraction. Experiments of Fe-14 wt. %S sample along heating and cooling paths were done to check the influence of grain growth during experiments. Data obtained from both heating and cooling paths show that abrupt change of the attenuation occurred at around 925oC. The Young’s modulus calculated from the strain ratio of sample and reference shows strong temperature dependence. An obvious drop occurred between 900 and 980oC in association with the occurrence of partial melting. Relationship between velocity and attenuation anomalies of the Fe–S–O system shows a positive correlation when melt fraction reaches a certain value.

Partial melting could decrease Q-1, which could explain the relative low attenuation on uppermost 30 km layer throughout the top of the inner core. Combing with the positive correlation between attenuation and velocity, a large amount of partial melting could occur on the uppermost 30 km layer of the rest area except the Pacific hemisphere in the inner core.