Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT26] New perspectives on the geodynamics of East Asia

Wed. May 29, 2019 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A09 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Timothy B Byrne(University of Connecticut), Asuka Yamaguchi(Atomosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Jonny Wu(University of Houston), Kyoko Okino(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Jonny Wu, Okino Kyoko

3:00 PM - 3:15 PM

[SIT26-06] Thermal state, slab metamorphism and interface seismicity in Mariana based on 3-D modeling

*Yingfeng Ji1,2,3, Shoichi Yoshioka3,4 (1.Center of Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2.Key laboratory of continental collision and plateau uplift, Institute of Tibetan Plateau, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 3.Research Center for Urban Safety and Security, Kobe University, 4.Graduate School of Science, Kobe University)

Keywords:Thermal state, slab metamorphism , interface seismicity, Mariana, 3-D modeling

The Marina arc system represents a typical mode of intra-oceanic convergent boundary characterizing circum-Pacific subduction zones, together with the Izu-Bonin, Kuril and Tonga-Kermadec margins well known for the tectonically formed deep trenches. Active back-arc extension driven by hydrothermal mantle upwell comprises one of the significant features of Mariana caused by steep subduction. Previous studies document that the narrow subduction constrains the seismicity in Mariana to be less than M7. However, the subduction thermal regime remains still unclear in detail. Based on the 3-D thermal model constructed for Mariana, we found that the highly curved Mariana arc presenting such a particular tectonic setting caused by trench retreat produces a cold thermal structure beneath the central and northern Mariana influenced by an oblique subduction. The deep earthquakes (>100 km) are therefore frequently detected compared with the southern Mariana. The subducted Pacific plate entraining the oceanic crust components is calculated to obtain their pressure-temperature conditions for different petrological faces undergoing multiple phase transition including the paths from amphibolite to eclogite or harzburgite at a high temperature of >500 degrees in Celsius which is conjectured to facilitate the deep earthquakes at Mariana. The dewatered oceanic plate is expected to releases ample fluids for the backarc volcanism and hydrous circulation at Mariana mantle wedge. The 3-D temperature structure of Mariana obtained in this study sheds lights on regional earthquake genesis and slab metamorphism in such an intro-oceanic subduction system featured by deep events.