Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-MP Mineralogy & Petrology

[S-MP31] Supercontinents and Crustal Evolution

Tue. May 28, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Madhusoodhan Satish-Kumar(Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Niigata University), Tomokazu Hokada(National Institute of Polar Research), Krishnan Sajeev(Centre for Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Science), Yasuhito Osanai(Division of Evolution of Earth Environments, Faculty of Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu University)

[SMP31-P04] Rapid UHT metamorphism and exhumation of the Lützow-Holm Complex in Antarctica

*Yoshikuni Hiroi1, Tomokazu Hokada2, Tatsuro Adachi3, Yasuhito Osanai3, Yoichi Motoyoshi2, Kazuyuki Shiraishi2 (1.Chiba Univ, 2.National Institute of Polar Research, 3.Kyushu University)

Keywords:Antarctica, Gondwana, Supercontinent, UHT metamorphism

The Lützow-Holm Complex in Antarctica is a part of Neoproterozoic-Cambrian (c.650-500 Ma) collisional orogen to form Gondwana supercontinent. It is characterized by progressive metamorphism from upper amphibolite facies in the eastern part of the Prince Olav Coast to upper granulite facies in the southern Sôya Coast (e.g., Hiroi et al., 1991). UHT metamorphism is evidenced by such diagnostic mineral assemblages as Opx + Sil + Grt + Rt + Qz and Spr + Qz in Mg-Al-rich pelitic granulites in Rundvågshetta. Intimate intergrowths of Ky + Spr + Grt and Sil + Spr + Grt as well as andalusite-bearing falsite-nanogranite inclusions are included in the same porphyroblastic garnet, which is compositionally zoned, with Mg-rich core, Fe–Mn-rich rim, and core-to-rim oscillation of Ca. Integration of these new data with those previously documented leads to the inference of a rapid change in pressure–temperature conditions during regional UHT metamorphism in this part of the late Neoproterozoic to early Paleozoic ‘large and hot orogen’. Several lines of evidence indicate that partial melting and melt extraction took place even in mafic granulites of fragmented gabbro origin.