Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-MP Mineralogy & Petrology

[S-MP32] Deformed rocks, Metamorphic rocks and Tectonics

Wed. May 29, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A08 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Yumiko Harigane(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)), Yoshihiro Nakamura(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Chairperson:Tomoki Taguchi(京都大学 大学院理学研究科), Kenta Yoshida(JAMSTEC)

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

[SMP32-11] Eclogite-to-granulite transition in the Ufipa Complex (Tanzania): the time-lag between collision and the granulitization

*Morita Isamu1, Tatsuki Tsujimori1, Nelson Boniface2, Shogo Aoki3, Kazumasa Aoki3 (1.Tohoku University, 2.University of Dar es Salaam, 3.Okayama University of Science)

Keywords:Eclogite, Granulitization, Zircon U-Pb age, In-situ dating, Neoproterozoic, East Africa

Eclogite-to-granulite transition found in the collisional tectonic regime can provide not only regional tectonic history but also basic principles underlying crustal thickening attributed to the continent-continent collision at convergent plate boundary. In order to understand the dynamics and timescale of collision-induced crustal thickening, we conducted petrological and geochronological research for partially granulitized eclogite and associated metamorphic rocks of the Ufipa Complex (Tanzania).

The Ufipa Complex is a newly confirmed Neoproterozoic metamorphic complex that is equivalent to the Mozambique Belt formed during 'Pan-African orogeny'. Granulitized eclogite is a coarse-grained kyanite-bearing retrograde eclogite with the major mineral assemblage of garnet + omphacite + kyanite + rutile; kyanite contains both omphacite and clinozoisite. Kyanite-free eclogite is medium-grained less-retrograded, bimineralic eclogite. Garnet–omphacite–kyanite–quartz geothermobarometry yielded a P = ~1.9–2.1 GPa and T = ~920–960°C for eclogite stage and P = ~1.3–1.6 GPa and T = ~900–940℃ for high-pressure granulite stage.

LA-ICPQMS zircon U–Pb geochronology for the eclogites revealed that time-lag Δt between collision at ~588 Ma and granulite-facies recrystallization at ~559 Ma was ~30 m.y. Zircon growth during eclogite-facies was confirmed by both mineral inclusions and trace-element abundances. In-situ zircon dating using petrographic thin-sections also confirmed the timing of granulitization. The inferred Δt of ~30 m.y. is consistent with other continental collision zones even in Cenozoic orogens in the literatures.