Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-MP Mineralogy & Petrology

[S-MP33] Physics and Chemistry of Minerals

Wed. May 29, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Seiji Kamada(Frontier Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Sciences, Tohoku University), Masahiro KAYAMA(Department of Earth and Planetary Material Sciences, Faculty of Science, Tohoku University)

[SMP33-P15] Synthesis and crystal structure of Mg-bearing Fe9O11: New insight in the complexity of Fe-Mg oxides at conditions of the deep upper mantle

*Takayuki Ishii1, Uenver-Thiele Laura2, Alan B Woodland2, Edith Alig3, Tiziana Boffa Ballaran1 (1.Bavarian Research Institute, University of Bayreuth, 2.Institut für Geowissenschaften, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt, 3.Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt)

Keywords:iron oxide, mantle, oxygen fugacity, multi-anvil apparatus, Rietveld analysis

The Fe-O system is fundamental for understanding redox processes operating in the Earth’s interior. Recent experimental studies have revealed several new mixed-valence Fe-oxides to be stable at high pressures and temperatures, such as the orthorhombic-structured phases Fe2+2Fe3+2O5 and Fe2+3Fe3+2O6. and the monoclinic-structured Fe2+3Fe3+4O9. It has been also demonstrated that Fe4O5 and Fe7O9 form solid solutions with the Mg-endmembers such as Mg2Fe2O5 and Mg3Fe4O9, suggesting possible existence of complicated Mg-Fe oxides in the deep mantle. We synthesized a new Mg-Fe oxide with a composition of Mg0.9Fe8.1O11. We report the synthesis and crystal structure analyzed by the Rietveld method.

A novel Mg-bearing iron oxide Mg0.87(1)Fe2+4.13(1)Fe3+4O11 was synthesized at 12 GPa and 1300 °C using a large volume press. Rietveld structural analysis was conducted with a laboratory X-ray diffraction pattern obtained at ambient conditions.
The crystal structure, which has one oxygen trigonal prism site and four octahedral sites for the cations, was found to be isostructural with Ca2Fe7O11. The unit-cell lattice parameters are a = 9.8441(5) Å, b = 2.8920(1) Å, c = 14.1760(6) Å, β = 99.956(4)°, V = 397.50(3) Å, and Z = 2 (monoclinic, C2/m). Mg and Fe cations are disordered on the trigonal prism site and on two of the four octahedral sites, and the remaining Fe is accommodated at the other two octahedral sites. The present structure is closely related to the other recently discovered Fe oxide structures, e.g. Fe4O5 and Fe5O6, by distortion derived either from incorporation (Fe4O5) or removal (Fe5O6) of an edge-shared FeO6 single octahedral chain in their structures. The present synthesis at deep upper mantle conditions and the structural relationships observed between various novel Mg-Fe oxides indicate that a series of different phases become stable above 10 GPa and that their relative stabilities (Fe2+/Fe3+) must be controlled by oxygen fugacity.