[SSS04-P02] Kinematic slip imaging of the Mw 3.3 earthquake in the St. Gallen 2013 geothermal reservoir, Switzerland, using an isochrone back projection approach
Keywords:Earthquake Source, Earthquake Kinematics, Back Projection, Induced Seismicity
Here, we analyze slip distribution and rupture kinematics of a moderate induced event (ML 3.5) occurred in the St. Gallen geothermal reservoir (NE Switzerland) in 2013. To image the slip of such a small magnitude earthquake, we carry out a two-step procedure: (1) we deconvolve the propagation effects from the seismograms using an empirical Green's function resulting in relative source time functions (RSTF) at all seismic stations; (2) the RSTFs are back-projected to the fault plane using the position of equal time delays, i.e., isochrones.
Results reveal that the mainshock rupture propagates towards NNE from the hypocenter with an average velocity of about 2000 m/s. Spatio-temporal organization of fore- and aftershocks suggests that the mainshock released a previously less active portion of the fault and that the sequence is mainly stress-driven.
Applying this method in an operational environment could enable to quickly map seismic slip allowing assessment of fault asperities and structures involved in the reservoir creation process.