Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-SS Seismology

[S-SS07] Rigorous Seismicity Modelling and Hypothesis Testing

Mon. May 27, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM A10 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Jiancang Zhuang(Institute of Statistical Mathematics), Danijel Schorlemmer(GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences), Matt Gerstenberger(GNS Science), Hiroshi Tsuruoka(Earthquake Research Institute, Tokyo Univ.), Chairperson:Matthew Gerstenberger(GNS Science, New Zealand), Danijel Schorlemmer(GFZ-Potsdam, Germany)

3:30 PM - 3:45 PM

[SSS07-01] Improving medium-term earthquake forecasts by compensating the EEPAS model for the time-lag

★Invited Papers

David Rhoades1, Christophersen Annemarie1, *Matt Gerstenberger1 (1.GNS Science)

Keywords:earthquake forecasting, EEPAS, hypothesis testing, New Zealand

The “Every Earthquake a Precursor According to Scale” (EEPAS) model treats every earthquake as a precursor of larger earthquakes to follow it in the medium term. Each earthquake contributes a transient increment to the expected rate of earthquake occurrence in its vicinity, based on empirical predictive scaling relations associated with the precursory scale increase phenomenon. Incomplete information on precursory earthquakes causes the EEPAS model to under-predict the expected number of earthquakes when forecasting across a time-lag. We modify EEPAS to compensate for the time-lag when calculating future forecasts. Given a set of model parameters, the completeness of precursory information can be expressed as a function of the target earthquake magnitude and the time-lag. The EEPAS model has a time-varying component and a background component. We consider two end-members for compensating the model for incompleteness: one entirely in the background component, and the other entirely in the time-varying component. We estimate an optimal mixture of these two end-members for time-lags out to 12 years using several different versions of the EEPAS model and subsets of the New Zealand earthquake catalogue to which EEPAS was previously fitted. Performance is checked on an independent test period. The optimal compensated model having increasingly high information gains over the original EEPAS model with increasing time-lags. Using catalogue data complete to 2018, the compensated models forecast increased annual probabilities of earthquake occurrence above magnitude thresholds from 6.0 to 8.0 in central New Zealand in the period 2019-2030 relative to the preceding period 2008-2018.