[SSS10-P20] Seismicity and Tectonics of the Bingöl Area: Eastern Anatolia
Keywords:Bingöl, East Anatolia, Göynük Stream, Fault Plane, Strike-Slip faulting
The other important earthquake occurred on May 1, 2003. In this earthquake, 176 citizens were killed and 521 citizens were injured in various places. In particular, public buildings were severely damaged. The episantr area is between the Balikcay village plateau, Hanocayiri-Kurtulus and Sudugunu Plateau. Stepped fractures with NW-SE trending N20-30ºW trending were observed in Hanocayiri, which is one of the closest settlements of earthquake. As a result of earthquake, a great deal of collapses and mud currents were formed due to the effect of groundwater pressure. The fault traces in the region continued on the slopes of the NW-SE trending Kade mountains. Liquefaction, sitting, collapse and faulting samples were seen together in Hanocayiri hamlet. The earthquake caused severe damage, destruction and death in the buildings located on the alluvial terrace of Göynuk Creek in Bingöl province. During the earthquake, the Celtiksuyu Boarding School of Bingöl province was completely destroyed and 84 students died under the rubble. In addition, many public buildings were damaged. The macroseismic epicenter of the earthquake is approximately 12 km. distance between the district of Elcagini-Elmacayiri and Sudugunu plateaus. The area is mountainous and there are no frequent settlements. The nearest settlements are Balikcay, Hanocayiri Village, Elmacayiri village and Kurtulus village. It was observed that the epicenter of Bingöl Earthquake was highly compatible with the NW-SE trending faults. The fault of N-NW, which passes between Kurtulus-Elmacayiri-Hanocayiri and towards the Balikcay-Cimenli villages, was defined as the fault which was broken by the 2003 Bingöl Earthquake. In this study, 12 earthquakes fault plane solutions have given (magnitude Mw> 5.0) between 1971-2015 time period in Bingöl. The fault plane solution of 6 earthquakes was conducted within the scope of the study. The stress analysis shows that the dominant stress axes in the region are dominated by NW-SE directional compression and strike-slip faulting which are characterized by NE-SW extension axes.
The recent earthquakes showed that the ongoing deformation in the region continued with the strike-slip fault systems as the dominant. Structural heavy damages caused by earthquakes were mostly due to poor soil conditions, improper production, low quality and missing materials.